Rene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy


  1. ^ Adrien Baillet: La Vie de Mr. Descartes Paris 1692 p. 176. Cf. Theodor Ebert, Immortalitas oder Immaterialitas? Zum Untertitel von Descartes' Meditationen in: Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 74 (1992) 180-202,
  2. ^ Skirry, J. (2008-09-13). "Descartes, René: Overview [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]". Retrieved cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ Watson, Richard A. (31 March 2012). "René Descartes". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b René Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy in Focus. Edited by Stanley Tweyman. Routledge. 34–40. London and New York. 1993. ISBN 978-0415077071
  5. ^ Perry, Bratman, Fischer, John, Michael, John Martin. Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-981299-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Descartes' Epistemology". 2005-04-14. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
  7. ^ "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Descartes' Epistemology". 2010-07-20. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  8. ^ "René Descartes – French Philosopher and Scientist – Quotes". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
  9. ^ Descartes original meditation 2 translation
  10. ^ a b Descartes original meditation 3 translation
  11. ^ Toulmin, S. (August 1996). "Descartes in His Time". In Weissman, William Theodore Bluhm, D. (ed.). Discourse on the method: and, Meditations on first philosophy. Rethinking the Western Tradition. Yale University Press. p. 139. If Euclid is right, it is not the case that we know nothing permanently and for certain. A natural philosophy grounded in mathematics avoids the traditional objections to empirical or sensory knowledge: the sixteenth-century skeptics had been premature in despairing of any enduring systems of theoretical knowledge.
  12. ^ "Descartes' Meditations". as translated by John Veitch in 1901
  13. ^ "Descartes' Meditations". as translated by John Veitch in 1901
  14. ^ "Appendix to Fifth Objections and Replies: Author's note concerning the fifth set of objections". Meditations, Objections and Replies. 1647. I have not been able to discover a single objection which those who have some slight understanding of my Meditations will not, in my view, be able to answer quite easily without any help from me.
  15. ^ "Objections to Descartes Meditations". Archived from the original on 2010-09-06. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  16. ^ Hobbes objections to Descartes' Meditations with Descartes' replies Archived 2009-02-10 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Shapiro, L., ed. (June 2007). The Correspondence between Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and Rene Descartes. The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe. University Of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-20442-0.
  18. ^ "Introduction". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
  19. ^ a b c Smith, Arthur David (2003) Routledge philosophy guidebook to Husserl and the Cartesian meditations pp.12–3 quotation:

    What even more precisely, therefore, is distinctive of Descartes is his 'regression' to the indubitable ego as the only possible way of combating scepticism. [...] Since, for Husserl, scepticism provided the goal that led the Greeks to the primal establishment of phylosophy, such a regression to the ego now emerges for the first time with Descartes as the necessary first step in philosophy. This is the 'ethernal significance' of Descartes's Meditations. They 'indicate, or attempt to indicate, the necessary style of the philosophycal beginning'. [...]

    In fact, the Cogito is the only thing in Descartes that is, according to Husserl, of any philosophical significance at all. Almost every time he refers to Descartes's Meditations in his other writings (e.g., EP I, 63; Crisis 76 [75]), it is the first two meditations that he refers to: those that solely concern the regression to the indubitability of the ego and its 'thoughts' through the offices of methodical doubt. Descartes's last four meditations do not even get a look in.

  20. ^ Husserl (1929) Cartesian Meditations p.4 quotation:

    [...] great weight must be given to the consideration that, in philosophy, the Meditations were epoch-making in a quite unique sense, and precisely because of their going back to the pure ego cogito. Descartes, in fact, inaugurates an entirely new kind of philosophy. Changing its total style, philosophy takes a radical turn: from naive objectivism to transcendental subjectivism.

Collected works in French and Latin

  • Oeuvres de Descartes edited by Charles Adam and Paul Tannery, Paris: Léopold Cerf, 1897–1913, 13 volumes; new revised edition, Paris: Vrin-CNRS, 1964–1974, 11 volumes (the first 5 volumes contains the correspondence).

English translations

  • The Philosophical Writings Of Descartes, 3 vols., translated by John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff, and Dugald Murdoch (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
  • The Philosophical Works of Descartes, 2 vols, translated by Elizabeth S. Haldane, and G.R.T. Ross (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).
  • The Method, Meditations and Philosophy of Descartes, translated by John Veitch (1901)

Single works

  • Cottingham, John, ed. (April 1996) [1986]. Meditations on First Philosophy: With Selections from the Objections and Replies (revised ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-55818-1.
  • Méditations Métaphysiques, translated to French from Latin by Michelle Beyssade (Paris: GF, 1993), accompanied by Descartes' original Latin text and the French translation by the Duke of Luynes (1647).

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