One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

what is the authors overall message and why does the novel have to end this way to prove it?

part 4

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Last updated by Aslan
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I think themes of conformity and freedom of simply being is at the heart here. Society demands conformity and fosters oppression to achieve a very narrow definition of "normality". McMurphy fights the forces that would keep these men institutionalized and feel the need to be kept this way. Through Chief's resurrection, McMurphy succeeded.