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In Chapter One, as well as the rest of the novel, Eliezer uses the word night repreatedly. Night serves as both a symbol and a metaphor. Metaphorically it represents the Holocaust.... a time during which the Jews will be subjected to a world of darkness.... a world without hope. Symbolically, the word night is used to described the evil and destruction brought by the Nazis, as well as the desperateness and fear of the Jewish people.