Friedrich Nietzsche's Writings

References

  1. ^ Guyer, Paul; Horstmann, Rolf-Peter (1 January 2015). Zalta, Edward N., ed. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy – via Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 
  2. ^ Dale Wilkerson. "Friedrich Nietzsche". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. ISSN 2161-0002. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  3. ^ Brobjer, Thomas H. (2008). Nietzsche's Philosophical Context: An Intellectual Biography. University of Illinois Press. p. 149. ISBN 9780252032455. 
  4. ^ "Der Philosoph Philipp Mainländer entdeckt das Nirwanaprinzip: Die Welt als Gottes Selbstmordprojekt". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 15 March 2003. Immerhin hat kein Geringerer als Friedrich Nietzsche, solange er wie Mainländer Schopenhauer verehrte, den philosophischen Mitjünger gewürdigt (beider Lektüreerlebnis gleicht als Erweckung dem augustinischen "Nimm, lies" bis ins Detail). 
  5. ^ Michael N. Forster. After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition. Oxford University Press. 2010. p. 9.
  6. ^ Wells, John C (1990), "Nietzsche", Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, Harlow, UK: Longman, p. 478, ISBN 0-582-05383-8 
  7. ^ "Nietzsche". Dictionary.com
  8. ^ a b c "Friedrich Nietzsche," by Dale Wilkerson, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ISSN 2161-0002, http://www.iep.utm.edu/nietzch/. 14 October 2015.
  9. ^ a b Raymond A. Belliotti, Jesus or Nietzsche: How Should We Live Our Lives? (Rodopi, 2013), 195–201
  10. ^ a b c Russell, Bertrand (1945). A History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 766, 770. ISBN 0-671-20158-1. 
  11. ^ a b c Wicks, R. (Summer 2011) "Friedrich Nietzsche". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  12. ^ Anderson, R. Lanier (17 March 2017). "Friedrich Nietzsche". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  13. ^ Brobjer, Thomas. Nietzsche's philosophical context: an intellectual biography, p. 42. University of Illinois Press, 2008.
  14. ^ Bernd, Magnus. "Nietzsche, Friedrich". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Robert Matthews (4 May 2003), "'Madness' of Nietzsche was cancer not syphilis", The Daily Telegraph.
  16. ^ McKinnon, A. M. (2012). 'Metaphors in and for the Sociology of Religion: Towards a Theory after Nietzsche'. Journal of Contemporary Religion, vol 27, no. 2, pp. 203–16 [1]
  17. ^ See his own words: F. Nietzsche (1888), Twilight of the Idols. "Four Great Errors", 1, tr. W. Kaufmann & R.J. Hollingdale (online version). A strict example of a cause-and-effect mismatch, with regard to the God-creator as the cause and our concepts as the effects, is perhaps not fully stressed in this fragment, but the more explicit it is stressed in the same book, chapter ""Reason" in philosophy", 4, as well as in The Antichrist (57, where real and imaginary origins are contrasted, and 62, where he calls Christianity 'a fatality'—'fatal' also meaning 'unavoidable') and in The Genealogy of Morals, books 1–3, among others. The topic of "false origins" of ideas is also suggested in The Four Great Errors, 3, and (precisely about morality) in e.g. The Will to Power, tr. W. Kaufmann, 343 (online text here).
  18. ^ K. Gemes, J. Richardson, The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche, Oxford Univ. Press, 2013, pp. 177–78 ("The Duality of Nietzsche's Theory of the Will to Power: The Psychological and Cosmological Aspects"). Read online here
  19. ^ 1941–, Lampert, Laurence (1986). Nietzsche's teaching : an interpretation of Thus spoke Zarathustra. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300044305. OCLC 13497182. 
  20. ^ Bowman, William (2016). Friedrich Nietzsche: Herald of a New Era. Hazar Press. pp. 39–59. ISBN 978-0997570304. 
  21. ^ Golomb, Jacob and Robert S. Wistrich (eds.), 2002, Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism?: On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
  22. ^ Marianne Constable, "Genealogy and Jurisprudence: Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Social Scientification of Law," Law & Social Inquiry 19, no. 3 (1 July 1994): 551–90.
  23. ^ "100 years after death, Nietzsche's popularity keeps growing: 6/01". 
  24. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 22.
  25. ^ a b Wicks, Robert (1 January 2014). Zalta, Edward N., ed. Friedrich Nietzsche (Winter 2014 ed.). 
  26. ^ Brobjer, Thomas H. "Why Did Nietzsche Receive a Scholarship to Study at Schulpforta?". Nietzsche-Studien. 30: 322–27. 
  27. ^ Krell, David Farrell, and Donald L. Bates. The Good European: Nietzsche's work sites in word and image. University of Chicago Press, 1997.
  28. ^ Cate 2005, p. 37.
  29. ^ Hayman, Ronald. Nietzsche: A Critical Life, p. 42. Oxford University Press, 1980.
  30. ^ Kohler, Joachim. Nietzsche & Wagner: A Lesson in Subjugation, p. 17. Yale University Press, 1998.
  31. ^ Hollingdale 1999, p. 21.
  32. ^ His "valedictorian paper" (Valediktionsarbeit, graduation thesis for Pforta students) was titled "On Theognis of Megara" ("De Theognide Megarensi"); see Anthony K. Jensen, Helmut Heit (eds.), Nietzsche as a Scholar of Antiquity, A&C Black, 2014, p. 4.
  33. ^ a b Schaberg, William (1996), The Nietzsche Canon, University of Chicago Press, p. 32 
  34. ^ Salaquarda, Jörg (1996), "Nietzsche and the Judaeo-Christian tradition", The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 99 
  35. ^ Higgins, Kathleen (2000), What Nietzsche Really Said, Random House, NY, p. 86 
  36. ^ Nietzsche, Letter to His Sister (1865). Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. 
  37. ^ "Friedrich Nietzsche (German philosopher)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  38. ^ Pence, Charles H. (2011). "Nietzsche's aesthetic critique of Darwin". History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences. 33 (2): 165–90. PMID 22288334. 
  39. ^ Hayman, Ronald. Nietzsche: A Critical Life, p. 93. Oxford University Press (New York), 1980.
  40. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich. Letter to Karl Von Gersdorff, June 1868.
  41. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (November 1868), Letter to Rohde 
  42. ^ Anthony K. Jensen, Helmut Heit (eds.), Nietzsche as a Scholar of Antiquity, A&C Black, 2014, p. 129.
  43. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 25.
  44. ^ Bishop, Paul (2004), Nietzsche and Antiquity, p. 117 
  45. ^ Anthony K. Jensen, Helmut Heit (eds.), Nietzsche as a Scholar of Antiquity, A&C Black, 2014, p. 115.
  46. ^ George E. McCarthy, Dialectics and Decadence
  47. ^ Between 1868 and 1870, he published two other studies on Diogenes Laertius: De Fontibus Diogenis Laertii ("On the Sources of Diogenes Laertius"; Part I: 1868, Part II: 1869) and Analecta Laertiana (1870); see Jensen and Heit (eds.), 2014, p. 115.
  48. ^ Hecker, Hellmuth: "Nietzsches Staatsangehörigkeit als Rechtsfrage", Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Jg. 40, 1987, nr. 23, pp. 1388–91.
  49. ^ His, Eduard: "Friedrich Nietzsches Heimatlosigkeit", Basler Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Altertumskunde, vol. 40, 1941, p. 159–86. Note that some authors (among them Deussen and Montinari) mistakenly claim that Nietzsche became a Swiss citizen.
  50. ^ Sax, L. (2003). "What was the cause of Nietzsche's dementia?". Journal of Medical Biography. 11 (1): 47–54. doi:10.1177/096777200301100113. PMID 12522502. 
  51. ^ Schain, Richard (2001), The Legend of Nietzsche's Syphilis, Westwood: Greenwood Press .
  52. ^ Green, M.S. Nietzsche and the Transcendental Tradition. University of Illinois Press, 2002.
  53. ^ http://www.bookrags.com/ebooks/11419/1.html#gsc.tab=0
  54. ^ Safranski, Rüdiger (trans. Shelley Frisch). Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography, p. 161. W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. "This work had long been consigned to oblivion, but it had a lasting impact on Nietzsche. Section 18 of Human, All Too Human cited Spir, not by name, but by presenting a 'proposition by an outstanding logician' (2,38; HH I §18)."
  55. ^ Güntzel, Stephan (15 October 2003), "Nietzsche's Geophilosophy", Journal of Nietzsche Studies (in English and German), University Park (Penn State): The Pennsylvania State University Press, 25: 85, archived from the original on 27 September 2007 ; republished on HyperNietzsche.
  56. ^ Cate 2005, p. 221.
  57. ^ Cate 2005, p. 297.
  58. ^ Cate 2005, p. 415.
  59. ^ "Nietzsche and Lou Andreas-Salomé", F Nietzsche, DE 
  60. ^ a b c Hollingdale 1999, p. 149.
  61. ^ Hollingdale 1999, p. 151.
  62. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 49.
  63. ^ a b Hollingdale 1999, p. 152.
  64. ^ Cate 2005, p. 389.
  65. ^ Cate 2005, p. 453.
  66. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich. Letter to Peter Gast. August 1883.
  67. ^ "Correspondences". Thenietzschechannel.com. 1 February 2000. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  68. ^ "Förster-Nietzsche, Elisabeth". Encyclopædia Britannica (online ed.). 10 October 2008. 
  69. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich. Letter to Peter Gast. March 1887.
  70. ^ Montinari, Mazzino (1974), Friedrich Nietzsche  translated as Friedrich Nietzsche. Eine Einführung (in German), Berlin-New York: De Gruyter, 1991 ; and Friedrich Nietzsche (in French), PUF, 2001 
  71. ^ Nietzsche 1888d, Preface, section 1.
  72. ^ Magnus, Bernd; Higgins, Kathleen Marie, eds. (1996). The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche. Cambridge University Press. pp. 79–81. ISBN 9780521367677. 
  73. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 67.
  74. ^ Anacleto Verrecchia, "Nietzsche's Breakdown in Turin," in Nietzsche in Italy, ed. Thomas Harrison (Stanford University: ANMA Libri, 1988) 105–12
  75. ^ Simon, Gerald (January 1889). "Nietzsches Briefe. Ausgewählte Korrespondenz. Wahnbriefe". The Nietzsche Channel. Retrieved 24 August 2013. Ich habe Kaiphas in Ketten legen lassen; auch bin ich voriges Jahr von den deutschen Ärzten auf eine sehr langwierige Weise gekreuzigt worden. Wilhelm, Bismarck und alle Antisemiten abgeschafft. 
  76. ^ Zweig, Stefan (1939), Master Builders [trilogy], The Struggle with the Daimon, Viking Press, p. 524.
  77. ^ Nietzsches Briefe, Ausgewählte Korrespondenz, Wahnzettel 1889.
  78. ^ Steiner, Rudolf (1895), Friedrich Nietzsche, ein Kämpfer gegen seine Zeit, Weimar 
  79. ^ Bailey, Andrew (2002), First Philosophy: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy, Broadview Press, p. 704 
  80. ^ Bataille, Georges (translated by Annette Michelson), "Writings on Laughter, Sacrifice, Nietzsche, Un-Knowing," Special issue, October no. 36, Spring 1986, pp. 42–45.
  81. ^ René Girard, "Superman in the Underground: Strategies of Madness—Nietzsche, Wagner, and Dostoevsky", MLN, Vol. 91, No. 6, Comparative Literature. (December 1976), pp. 1161–85.
  82. ^ Cybulska, EM (August 2000). "The madness of Nietzsche: a misdiagnosis of the millennium?". Hospital Medicine. 61 (8): 571–75. doi:10.12968/hosp.2000.61.8.1403. PMID 11045229. 
  83. ^ Schain, Richard (2001). The Legend of Nietzsche's Syphilis. Westport: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31940-5. 
  84. ^ Leonard Sax, "What was the cause of Nietzsche's dementia?" Journal of Medical Biography 2003; 11: 47–54.
  85. ^ Orth, M; Trimble, MR (December 2006). "Friedrich Nietzsche's mental illness—general paralysis of the insane vs. frontotemporal dementia". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 114 (6): 439–44; discussion 445. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00827.x. PMID 17087793. 
  86. ^ Hemelsoet D, Hemelsoet K, Devreese D (March 2008). "The neurological illness of Friedrich Nietzsche". Acta Neurologica Belgica. 108 (1): 9–16. PMID 18575181. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. 
  87. ^ Robert Wicks, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, first published Fri 30 May 1997; substantive revision Fri 29 April 2011, Friedrich Nietzsche. Retrieved 19 January 2014, "...some maintain that he suffered from CADASIL syndrome, a hereditary stroke disorder...."
  88. ^ Dayan, L; Ooi, C (October 2005). "Syphilis treatment: old and new". Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy. 6 (13): 2271–80. doi:10.1517/14656566.6.13.2271. PMID 16218887. 
  89. ^ Hammond, David (2013). Mercury Poisoning: The Undiagnosed Epidemic. p. 11. 
  90. ^ Concurring reports in Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche's biography (1904) and a letter by Mathilde Schenk-Nietzsche to Meta von Salis, 30 August 1900, quoted in Janz (1981) p. 221. Cf. Volz (1990), p. 251.
  91. ^ Schain, Richard, Nietzsche's Visionary Values – Genius or Dementia?, Philosophos, archived from the original on 13 May 2006 
  92. ^ Montinari, Mazzino. The 'Will to Power' Does Not Exist.
  93. ^ "Nietzsche", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 
  94. ^ Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction, preview, ISBN 0192854143 
  95. ^ "Friedrich Nietzsche", Encyclopædia Britannica 
  96. ^ Magnus, Bernd; Higgins, Kathleen Marie (26 January 1996). The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche. p. 1. ISBN 9780521367677. 
  97. ^ Craid, Edward, ed. (2005), The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of philosophy, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 726–41 
  98. ^ Blackburn, Simon (2005), The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 252–53 
  99. ^ Rée, Jonathan; Urmson, JO, eds. (2005) [1960]. The Concise encyclopedia of western philosophy (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. pp. 267–70. ISBN 0-415-32924-8. 
  100. ^ Mencken, Henry Louis (18 December 2008). The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Wilder Publications. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-1-60459-331-0. 
  101. ^ Janz, Curt Paul (1978), Friedrich Nietzsche: Biographie, 1, Munich: Carl Hanser, p. 263, Er beantragte also bei der preussischen Behörde seine Expatriierung (translation: he accordingly applied to the Prussian authorities for expatrification) 
  102. ^ Colli, Giorgio; Montinari, Mazzino (1993), "Entlassungsurkunde für den Professor Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche aus Naumburg", Nietzsche Briefwechsel: Kritische Gesamtausgabe (in German), I.4, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, p. 566, ISBN 3-11-012277-4 
  103. ^ Mencken, Henry Louis (1913). Friedrich Nietzsche. Transaction Publishers. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56000-649-7. 
  104. ^ a b c d Hollingdale 1999, p. 6.
  105. ^ Fredrick Appel Cornell, Nietzsche Contra Democracy. University Press (1998), p. 114
  106. ^ Mencken, Henry Louis (2006) [1908], The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, University of Michigan, p. 6 
  107. ^ Letter to Heinrich von Stein, December 1882, KGB III 1, Nr. 342, p. 287; KGW V 2, p. 579; KSA 9 p. 681
  108. ^ von Müller, "Nietzsches Vorfahren", reprinted Nietzsche-Studien 31 (2002): 253–75.
  109. ^ Mencken, Henry Louis (2003), The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzche, introd. & comm. Charles Q. Bufe, US: See Sharp Press, p. 2 
  110. ^ Letter to Heinrich von Stein, December 1882, KGB III 7.1 p. 313.
  111. ^ Letter to Georg Brandes, 10. 4. 1888, KGB III 7.3/1 p. 293.
  112. ^ "Nietzsche's and Nietzsche and Lou Andreas-Salomé." Nietzsche's and Nietzsche and Lou Andreas-Salomé.
  113. ^ Köhler, Joachim (2002). Zarathustra's secret: the interior life of Friedrich Nietzsche. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. xv. ISBN 0-300-09278-4. 
  114. ^ a b Allan Megill (1996). "Historicizing Nietzsche? Paradoxes and Lessons of a Hard Case". The Journal of Modern History. 68 (1): 114–52. doi:10.1086/245288. JSTOR 2124335. 
  115. ^ Michael W. Grenke (2003). "How Boring...". The Review of Politics. 65 (1): 152–54. doi:10.1017/s0034670500036640. JSTOR 1408799. 
  116. ^ Mathias Risse. "Zarathustra's Secret. The Interior Life of Friedrich Nietzsche". Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. 
  117. ^ Rogers, N., & Thompson, M. (2004). Philosophers Behaving Badly. London: Peter Owen.
  118. ^ a b Benjamin Bennett (2001). Goethe As Woman: The Undoing of Literature. Wayne State University Press. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-8143-2948-1. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  119. ^ Young, Julian (2010). Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography. Cambridge University Press. 
  120. ^ Bowman, William (2016). Friedrich Nietzsche: Herald of a New Era. Hazar Press. ISBN 978-0997570304. 
  121. ^ On Music and words
  122. ^ Nietzsche, Dionysus and Apollo
  123. ^ Desmond, Kathleen K (16 March 2011). Ideas About Art. ISBN 9781444396003. 
  124. ^ The Apollonianism and Dionysiansism by Friedrich Nietzsche
  125. ^ Dionysus in Nietzsche and Greek Myth. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. 
  126. ^ Procrastination in Shakespeare's Hamlet
  127. ^ Nietzsche on Hamlet (Commonplace Book)
  128. ^ The role of art in Nietzsche's philosophy
  129. ^ Dionysus versus Apollo
  130. ^ The Birth of Tragedy Summary
  131. ^ Benedict, Ruth. Patterns of Culture
  132. ^ Influence of C.G. Jung on PKD – notes by Frank Bertrand, excerpt Umland
  133. ^ Mahon, Michael (1992). Foucault's Nietzschean Genealogy. ISBN 9780791411490. 
  134. ^ Lampert 1986, pp. 17–18.
  135. ^ Heidegger.
  136. ^ Cristoph, Cox (1999). Nietzsche: Naturalism and Interpretation. ISBN 9780520921603. 
  137. ^ Schacht, Richard, Nietzsche, 1983, p. 61.
  138. ^ Steve, Hoenisch. Max Weber's View of Objectivity in Social Science
  139. ^ Culture and perspectivism in Nietzsche's and Weber's view
  140. ^ Objective and subjective reality; perspectivism
  141. ^ Solomon, Robert C (1989). From Hegel to Existentialism. ISBN 9780195061826. 
  142. ^ Murphy, Mark C (23 June 2003). Alasdair MacIntyre. ISBN 9780521793810. 
  143. ^ Lutz, Christopher Stephen (2009). Tradition in the ethics of Alasdair MacIntyre. ISBN 9780739141489. 
  144. ^ Kaufmann, Walter Arnold (1980). From Shakespeare to existentialism. ISBN 0691013675. 
  145. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (1887). On the Genealogy of Morals. pp. First essay, section 16. 
  146. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (1908). Ecce Homo. pp. Chapter on The Case of Wagner, section 2. 
  147. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (1886). Beyond Good and Evil. pp. Section 228. 
  148. ^ Bowman, William (2016). Friedrich Nietzsche: Herald of a New Era. Hazar Press. pp. 31–38, 60–106. ISBN 978-0997570304. 
  149. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 187.
  150. ^ Nietzsche 1888d, M I.
  151. ^ a b Sedgwick 2009, p. 26.
  152. ^ Art in Nietzsche's philosophy
  153. ^ Sedgwick 2009, p. 27.
  154. ^ The Antichrist, section 7. transl. Walter Kaufmann, in The Portable Nietzsche, 1977, pp. 572–73.
  155. ^ Nietzsche 1888d, Why I Am a Destiny, §3.
  156. ^ Nietzsche 1888c, pp. 4, 8, 18, 29, 37, 40, 51, 57, 59.
  157. ^ Sedgwick 2009, p. 69.
  158. ^ Zev Golan, "Nietzsche: Anti- or Philo-Semite? An Examination of His Books," in God, Man and Nietzsche, iUniverse, 2008 edition.
  159. ^ a b c Sedgwick 2009, p. 68.
  160. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Univ. of Nebraska Press (1986) p. 231
  161. ^ Morgan, George Allen (1941). What Nietzsche Means. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-8371-7404-X. 
  162. ^ Heidegger, p. 61.
  163. ^ This "will to nothingness" is still a willing of some sort, because it is exactly as a pessimist that Schopenhauer clings to life. See F. Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morals, III:7
  164. ^ F. Nietzsche, KSA 12:7 [8]
  165. ^ Friedrich Nietzsche, Complete Works Vol. 13.
  166. ^ Nietzsche 1886, p. 13.
  167. ^ Nietzsche 1882, p. 349.
  168. ^ Nietzsche 1887, p. II:12.
  169. ^ Nietzsche 1888b, Skirmishes of an untimely man, §14.
  170. ^ Brian Leiter, Routledge guide to Nietzsche on morality, p. 121
  171. ^ Nietzsche 1888c, §2.
  172. ^ Nietzsche 1886, I, §36.
  173. ^ Nietzsche comments in many notes about matter being a hypothesis drawn from the metaphysics of substance: G. Whitlock, "Roger Boscovich, Benedict de Spinoza and Friedrich Nietzsche: The Untold Story", Nietzsche-Studien 25, 1996, p. 207.
  174. ^ Nietzsche 1886, I, §12.
  175. ^ Deleuze 2006, p. 46.
  176. ^ Nietzsche 1886, I, §22.
  177. ^ "Project MUSE – Nietzsche's Mirror: The World as Will to Power (review)". Muse.jhu.edu. doi:10.1353/nie.2006.0006. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  178. ^ Nietzsche 1961, pp. 176–80.
  179. ^ Kundera, Milan (1999), The Unbearable Lightness of Being, p. 5 
  180. ^ Dudley, Will (2002). Hegel, Nietzsche, and Philosophy: Thinking Freedom. p. 201. ISBN 9780521812504. 
  181. ^ See Heidegger, Nietzsche. Volume II: The Eternal Recurrence of the Same trans. David Farrell Krell. New York: Harper and Row, 1984. 25.
  182. ^ a b Kaufmann, Friedrich Nietzsche. Transl., with comm., by Walter (1974). The Gay Science with a Prelude in Rhymes and an Appendix of Songs ([1st ed.] ed.). New York: Vintage Books. p. 16. ISBN 0394719859. 
  183. ^ Paul Van Tongeren (2000). Reinterpreting Modern Culture: An Introduction to Friedrich Nietzsche's Philosophy. Purdue University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-1-55753-157-5. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  184. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (1954). The Portable Nietzsche. trans. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Penguin. 
  185. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich (2006). Nietzsche: Thus Spoke Zarathustra. ed. Adrian Del Caro and Robert Pippin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-60261-7. 
  186. ^ Lampert, Laurence (1986). Nietzsche's Teaching. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 
  187. ^ Rosen, Stanley (1995). The Mask of Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  188. ^ Lampert 1986, p. 18.
  189. ^ Philosophy 302: Ethics Nietzsche, "Slave and Master Morality"
  190. ^ Thus Spoke Zarathustra themes
  191. ^ Nietzsche and Heidegger. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. 
  192. ^ Kellner, Douglas (1999). "Nietzsche's Critique of Mass Culture". International Studies in Philosophy. 31 (3): 77–89. doi:10.5840/intstudphil199931353. 
  193. ^ Brobjer, Thomas. "Nietzsche's Reading and Private Library, 1885–1889." Published in Journal of History of Ideas.
  194. ^ Letter to Franz Overbeck, 30 July 1881
  195. ^ Russell 2004, pp. 693–97.
  196. ^ Joudrey, Thomas J. (2017). "The Defects of Perfectionism: Nietzsche, Eliot, and the Irrevocability of Wrong". Philological Quarterly (96.1): 77–104. 
  197. ^ Nietzsche 2001, p. xxxvii.
  198. ^ Roochnik 2004, pp. 37–39.
  199. ^ Roochnik 2004, p. 48.
  200. ^ Santayana 1916, p. 114.
  201. ^ Brendan Donnellan, "Nietzsche and La Rochefoucauld" in The German Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 3 (May 1979), pp. 303–18
  202. ^ Nietzsche 1888d, "Why I am So Clever", §3.
  203. ^ Johan Grzelczyk, "Féré et Nietzsche: au sujet de la décadence" Archived 16 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine., HyperNietzsche, 1 November 2005 (in French). Grzelczyk quotes Jacques Le Rider, Nietzsche en France. De la fin du XIXe siècle au temps présent, Paris, PUF, 1999, pp. 8–9
  204. ^ Johan Grzelczyk, "Féré et Nietzsche: au sujet de la décadence" Archived 16 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine., HyperNietzsche, 1 November 2005 (in French). Grzelczyk quotes B. Wahrig-Schmidt, "Irgendwie, jedenfalls physiologisch. Friedrich Nietzsche, Alexandre Herzen (fils) und Charles Féré 1888" in Nietzsche Studien, Band 17, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1988, p. 439
  205. ^ Thomas, Brobjer (1 October 2010). Nietzsche's Philosophical Context: An Intellectual Biography. ISBN 9780252090622. 
  206. ^ Note sur Nietzsche et Lange: "Le retour éternel", Albert Fouillée, Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger. An. 34. Paris 1909. T. 67, S. 519–25 (on French Wikisource)
  207. ^ Walter Kaufmann, intr. p. 11 of his transl. of 'The Gay Science'
  208. ^ Notebooks, cf. The Gay Science, Walter Kaufmann transl, p. 12
  209. ^ Weaver, Santaniello (30 September 1994). Nietzsche, God, and the Jews: His Critique of Judeo-Christianity in Relation to the Nazi Myth. ISBN 9780791421369. 
  210. ^ a b Mazzino Montinari, "La Volonté de puissance" n'existe pas, Éditions de l'Éclat, 1996, §13
  211. ^ Kaufmann 1974, pp. 306–40.
  212. ^ Nietzsche 1888b, §45.
  213. ^ Karl Löwith, From Hegel to Nietzsche, New York, 1964, p. 187.
  214. ^ S. Taylor, Left Wing Nietzscheans, The Politics of German Expressionism 1910–1920, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York, 1990, p. 144.
  215. ^ G. Deleuze, Nietzsche and Philosophy (transl. Hugh Tomlinson), 2006, pp. 153–54.
  216. ^ R.C. Solomon & K.M. Higgins, The Age of German Idealism, Routledge, 1993, p. 300.
  217. ^ R.A. Samek, The Meta Phenomenon, New York, 1981, p. 70.
  218. ^ T. Goyens, Beer and Revolution: The German Anarchist Movement in New York City, Illinois, 2007, p. 197.
  219. ^ Laska, Bernd A. "Nietzsche's initial crisis". Germanic Notes and Reviews. 33 (2): 109–33. 
  220. ^ Liukkonen, Petri. "Friedrich Hölderlin". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. 
  221. ^ Meyer-Sickendiek, Burkhard, "Nietzsche's Aesthetic Solution to the Problem of Epigonism in the Nineteenth Century", ed. Paul Bishop, Nietzsche and Antiquity: His Reaction and Response to the Classical Tradition, Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer, 2004. p. 323
  222. ^ Rebekah, Peery (2008). Nietzsche, Philosopher of the Perilous Perhaps. ISBN 9780875866444. 
  223. ^ See 1910 article from the Encyclopædia Britannica
  224. ^ O. Ewald, "German Philosophy in 1907", in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, July 1908, pp. 400–26.
  225. ^ T. A. Riley, "Anti-Statism in German Literature, as Exemplified by the Work of John Henry Mackay", in PMLA, Vol. 62, No. 3, September 1947, pp. 828–43.
  226. ^ C. E. Forth, "Nietzsche, Decadence, and Regeneration in France, 1891–1895", in Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 54, No. 1, January 1993, pp. 97–117.
  227. ^ Mencken, H.L. (1910). The Gist of Nietzsche. Boston, J. W. Luce & company. 
  228. ^ Expressionism
  229. ^ Postmodernism 
  230. ^ Everdell, William (1998). The First Moderns. Chicago: U Chicago Press. p. 508. ISBN 0-226-22481-3. 
  231. ^ Joyce and Nietzsche. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. 
  232. ^ Pasley, Malcolm (1978). Nietzsche:Imagery and thoughts. ISBN 9780520035775. 
  233. ^ Forrester, John (1997). Dispatches from the Freud Wars. ISBN 9780674539600. 
  234. ^ Argyle, Gisela (7 June 2002). Germany as model and monster: Allusions in English fiction. ISBN 9780773523517. 
  235. ^ The Double Man
  236. ^ Donald, Mitchell (1980). Gustav Mahler: The Early Years. ISBN 9780520041417. 
  237. ^ James, Wood. Addicted to Unpredictability
  238. ^ Reesman, Jeanne Campbell (15 March 2011). Jack London's Racial Lives. ISBN 9780820339702. 
  239. ^ London, Jack (2001). A Sun of the Son. ISBN 9780806133621. 
  240. ^ Ray, Jackson (12 March 2007). Nietzsche and Islam. ISBN 9781134205004. 
  241. ^ Poets of Cambridge. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. 
  242. ^ Wallace Stevens' Harmonium
  243. ^ Serio, John N (18 January 2007). The Cambridge Companion to Wallace Stevens. ISBN 9781139827546. 
  244. ^ Olaf Stapleton
  245. ^ Brad, Damare. Music and Literature in Silver Age Russia: Mikhail Kuzmin and Alexander Scriabin. ISBN 9780549819103. 
  246. ^ Bernice, Rosenthal (1 November 2010). New Myth, New World: From Nietzsche to Stalinism. ISBN 0271046589. 
  247. ^ Bernice, Rosenthal. Nietzsche and Soviet Culture: Ally and Adversary
  248. ^ Shookman, Ellis (2004). Thomas Mann's Death in Venice. ISBN 9780313311598. 
  249. ^ Nietzsche Circle. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. 
  250. ^ Mann, Thomas:Doctor Faustus
  251. ^ Nietzsche, Friedrich: Also Sprach Zarathustra
  252. ^ Aschheim, Steven E. (1992), The Nietzsche Legacy in Germany, 1890–1990, Berkeley and Los Angeles, p. 135, [a]bout 150,000 copies of a specially durable wartime Zarathustra were distributed to the troops 
  253. ^ Kaufmann 1974, p. 8.
  254. ^ Schrift, A.D. (1995). Nietzsche's French Legacy: A Genealogy of Poststructuralism. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-91147-8.
  255. ^ Jacob, Golomb. Nietzsche and Zion
  256. ^ Jacob, Golomb. Nietzsche and Zion
  257. ^ Ohana, David (23 January 2012). The Origins of Israeli Mythology: Neither Canaanites nor Crusaders. ISBN 9781139505208. 
  258. ^ Golomb 1997, pp. 234–35.
  259. ^ Walter, Kaufmann (2 September 2008). Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist. ISBN 1400820162. 
  260. ^ Zev Golan, God, Man and Nietzsche, iUniverse, 2007, p. 169: "It would be most useful if our youth climbed, even if only briefly, to Zarathustra's heights..."
  261. ^ Press, Cambridge University (24 September 1998). The Cambridge Companion to Eugene O'Neill. ISBN 9780521556453. 
  262. ^ Postomodern considerations of Nietzschean perspectivism
  263. ^ Diggins, John Patrick (15 September 2008). Eugene O'Neill's America: Desire Under Democracy. ISBN 9780226148823. 
  264. ^ Törnqvist, Egil (14 January 2004). Eugene O'Neill:A Playwright's theatre. ISBN 9780786417131. 
  265. ^ Adorno, Theodor
  266. ^ Arthur, Herman (15 June 2010). The Idea of Decline in Western History. ISBN 9781451603132. 
  267. ^ "We know, from his [Hitler's] secretary, that he could quote Schopenhauer by the page, and the other German philosopher of willpower, Nietzsche, whose works he afterwards presented to Mussolini, was often on his lips." Trevor Roper, H. The Mind of Adolf Hitler, p. xxxvii. Introductory essay for Hitler's Table Talk 1941–1944 Secret Conversations. Enigma Books (2008)
  268. ^ "'Landsberg,' Hitler told Hans Frank, was his 'university paid for by the state.' He read, he said, everything he could get hold of: Nietzsche, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Ranke, Treitschke, Marx, Bismarck's Thoughts and Memories, and the war memoirs of German and allied generals and statesmen....But Hitler's reading and reflection were anything but academic, doubtless he did read much. However, as was noted in an earlier chapter, he made clear in My Struggle that reading for him had purely an instrumental purpose. He read not for knowledge or enlightenment, but for confirmation of his own preconceptions." Kershaw, Ian Hitler: Hubris 1889–1936. WW Norton p. 240
  269. ^ Weaver Santaniello, Nietzsche, God, and the Jews, SUNY Press, 1994, p. 41: "Hitler probably never read a word of Nietzsche."
  270. ^ Berel Lang, Post-Holocaust: Interpretation, Misinterpretation, and the Claims of History, Indiana University Press, 2005, p. 162: "Arguably, Hitler himself never read a word of Nietzsche; certainly, if he did read him, it was not extensively."
  271. ^ William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany, Touchstone, 1959, pp. 100–01
  272. ^ Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi, Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini's Italy, University of California Press, 2000, p. 44: "In 1908 he presented his conception of the superman's role in modern society in a writing on Nietzsche titled "The Philosophy of Force."
  273. ^ Philip Morgan, Fascism in Europe, 1919–1945, Routledge, 2003, p. 21: "We know that Mussolini had read Nietzsche"
  274. ^ J. L. Gaddis, P. H. Gordon, E. R. May, J. Rosenberg, Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb, Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 217: "The son of a history teacher, de Gaulle read voraciously as a boy and young man—Jacques Bainville, Henri Bergson, Friederich [sic] Nietzsche, Maurice Barres—and was steeped in conservative French historical and philosophical traditions."
  275. ^ Mumia, Abu-Jamal (2004). We Want Freedom: A Life in the Black Panther Party. ISBN 9780896087187. 
  276. ^ Crowley, Monica (1998), Nixon in Winter, IB Tauris, p. 351, He read with curious interest the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche [...] Nixon asked to borrow my copy of Beyond Good and Evil, a title that inspired the title of his final book, Beyond Peace
  277. ^ Lev, Shestov. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche. ISBN 0821400533. 
  278. ^ Stefan, Sorgner. Nietzsche & Germany
  279. ^ Rickman, Hans Peter (1996). Philosophy in Literature. ISBN 9780838636527. 
  280. ^ Oswald Spengler. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. 
  281. ^ George Grant
  282. ^ Tat, Alin; Popenici, Stefan (2008). Romanian Philosophical Culture, Globalization, and Education. ISBN 9781565182424. 
  283. ^ The Transformation of Nietzschean Ideas in The Fountainhead
  284. ^ Lampert, Laurence (1996). Leo Strauss and Nietzsche. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 
  285. ^ Cornwell, Neil (31 October 2006). The Absurd in Literature. ISBN 9780719074103. 
  286. ^ Ricœur, Paul (1970). Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 32. ISBN 0-300-02189-5. 
  287. ^ "Jarrett, J.L., ed.: Jung's Seminar on Nietzsche's Zarathustra: (Abridged edition) (paperback)". Press.princeton.edu. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  288. ^ "Jung's Reception of Friedrich Nietzsche: A Roadmap for the Uninitiated by Dr. Ritske Rensma". Depth Insights. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  289. ^ a b Raymond A. Belliotti, Jesus or Nietzsche: How Should We Live Our Lives? (Rodopi, 2013).
  290. ^ Ronald A. Kuipers, "Turning Memory into Prophecy: Roberto Unger and Paul Ricoeur on the Human Condition Between Past and Future," The Heythrop Journal (2011): 1–10.
  291. ^ Richard Rorty, "Unger, Castoriadis, and the Romance of a National Future," Northwestern University Law Review 82 (1988 1987): 39.

Works cited

.mw-parser-output .refbegin{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul{list-style-type:none;margin-left:0}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd{margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-100{font-size:100%}
  • Cate, Curtis (2005). Friedrich Nietzsche. Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press. 
  • Deleuze, Gilles (2006) [1983]. Nietzsche and Philosophy. trans. Hugh Tomlinson. Athlone Press. ISBN 0-485-11233-7. 
  • Golomb, Jacob, ed. (1997). Nietzsche and Jewish culture. Routledge. ISBN 9780415095129. 
  • Heidegger, Martin. The Word of Nietzsche
  • Hollingdale, R. J. (28 April 1999). Nietzsche: The Man and His Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. p. 270. ISBN 9780521640916. JSTOR 2024055. 
  • Kaufmann, Walter (1974). Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-01983-5. 
  • Lampert, Laurence (1986). Nietzsche's Teaching: An Interpretation of "Thus Spoke Zarathustra". New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-04430-5. 
  • Roochnik, David (2004). Retrieving the Ancients
  • Russell, Bertrand (2004). A History of Western Philosophy. Routledge. 
  • Santayana, George (1916). "XI". Egotism in German Philosophy. London & Toronto: JM Dent & Sons. 
  • Sedgwick, Peter R (2009). Nietzsche: the key concepts. Routledge, Oxon, England: Routledge. 
  • Higgins, Kathleen (2000). What Nietzsche Really Said. University of Texas, Austin, Texas: Random House, NY. 

This content is from Wikipedia. GradeSaver is providing this content as a courtesy until we can offer a professionally written study guide by one of our staff editors. We do not consider this content professional or citable. Please use your discretion when relying on it.