Frankenstein

Notes

  1. ^ Stableford, Brian (1995). "Frankenstein and the Origins of Science Fiction". In Seed, David (ed.). Anticipations: Essays on Early Science Fiction and its Precursors. Syracuse University Press. pp. 47–49. ISBN 978-0815626404. Retrieved 19 July 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Staff writer (1 January 1818). "Books Published This Day". The Times (10342). London, England. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com. This day is published, in 3 vols., price 16s. 6d., a Work of Imagination, to be entitled Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus.
  3. ^ Hobbler, Dorthy and Thomas. The Monsters: Mary Shelley and the Curse of Frankenstein. Back Bay Books; 20 August 2007.
  4. ^ Garrett, Martin. Mary Shelley. Oxford University Press, 2002
  5. ^ Seymour, Miranda. Mary Shelley. Atlanta, GA: Grove Press, 2002. pp. 110–11
  6. ^ McGasko, Joe. "Her 'Midnight Pillow': Mary Shelley and the Creation of Frankenstein". Biography. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  7. ^ The Detached Retina: Aspects of SF and Fantasy by Brian Aldiss (1995), p. 78.
  8. ^ Bergen Evans, Comfortable Words, New York: Random House, 1957
  9. ^ Bryan Garner, A Dictionary of Modern American Usage, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998
  10. ^ Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of American English, Merriam-Webster: 2002
  11. ^ a b Lepore, Jill (5 February 2018). "The Strange and Twisted Life of "Frankenstein"". ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature: The Birth of Frankenstein". www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  13. ^ a b Badalamenti, Anthony (Fall 2006). "Why did Mary Shelley Write Frankenstein". Journal of Religion and Health. 45: 419–39. JSTOR 27512949.
  14. ^ "Pollin, "Philosophical and Literary Sources"". knarf.english.upenn.edu. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  15. ^ Pollin, Burton (Spring 1965). "Philisophical and Literary Sources of Frankenstein". Comparative Literature. 17: 97–108. JSTOR 1769997.
  16. ^ "Preface", 1831 edition of Frankenstein
  17. ^ Sunstein, 118.
  18. ^ Dr. John Polidori, "The Vampyre" 1819, The New Monthly Magazine and Universal Register; London: H. Colburn, 1814–1820. Vol. 1, No. 63.
  19. ^ paragraph 7, Introduction, Frankenstein 1831 edition
  20. ^ paragraph 8, Introduction, Frankenstein 1831 edition
  21. ^ paragraph 10, Introduction, Frankenstein 1831 edition
  22. ^ Shelley, Mary. Paragraphs 11–13, "Introduction" Frankenstein (1831 edition) Gutenberg
  23. ^ Quoted in Spark, 157, from Mary Shelley's introduction to the 1831 edition of Frankenstein.
  24. ^ Radford, Tim, Frankenstein's hour of creation identified by astronomers, The Guardian, Sunday 25 September 2011 (retrieved 5 January 2014)
  25. ^ Bennett, An Introduction, 30–31; Sunstein, 124.
  26. ^ Sunstein, 117.
  27. ^ Hay, 103.
  28. ^ Lepore, Jill (5 February 2018). "The Strange and Twisted Life of 'Frankenstein'". The New Yorker.
  29. ^ Bennett, Betty T. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: An Introduction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
  30. ^ Kennedy, Mave (26 February 2018). "'A 200-year-old secret': plaque to mark Bath's hidden role in Frankenstein". theguardian.com. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  31. ^ "OX.ac.uk". Bodley.ox.ac.uk. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  32. ^ Mary Shelley, with Percy Shelley (2008). Charles E. Robinson (ed.). The Original Frankenstein. Oxford: Bodleian Library. ISBN 978-1-851-24396-9. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  33. ^ Robinson, Charles (1996). The Frankenstein Notebooks: A Facsimile Edition. 1. Garland Publishing, Inc. p. xxv. She began that novel as Mary Godwin in June 1816 when she was eighteen years old, she finished it as Mary Shelley in April/May 1817 when she was nineteen . . . and she published it anonymously on 1 January 1818 when she was twenty.
  34. ^ Bennett, Betty T. Mary Wollstonecraft. Shelley: An Introduction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998
  35. ^ D. L. Macdonald and Kathleen Scherf, "A Note on the Text", Frankenstein, 2nd ed., Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1999.
  36. ^ Wollstonecraft Shelley, Mary (2000). Frankenstein. Bedford Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 978-0312227623.
  37. ^ See forward to Barnes and Noble classic edition.
  38. ^ The edition published by Forgotten Books is the original text, as is the "Ignatius Critical Edition". Vintage Books has an edition presenting both versions.
  39. ^ Frankenstein:Celluloid Monster at the National Library of Medicine website of the (U.S.) National Institutes of Health
  40. ^ "Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature / Exhibit Text" (PDF). National Library of Medicine and ALA Public Programs Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 December 2006. Retrieved 31 December 2007. from the traveling exhibition Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature Archived 9 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ Author's Digest: The World's Great Stories in Brief, by Rossiter Johnson, 1908
  42. ^ The Reef, p. 96.
  43. ^ zapomniana, Historia (24 January 2016). "Afera grabarzy z Frankenstein".
  44. ^ Florescu 1996, pp. 48–92.
  45. ^ Day, A.J. (2005). Fantasmagoriana (Tales of the Dead). Fantasmagoriana Press. pp. 149–51. ISBN 978-1-4116-5291-0.
  46. ^ Heléne, Jörg (12 September 2016). "Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Castle Frankenstein and the alchemist Johann Conrad Dippel". Darmstadt. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  47. ^ Wade, Phillip. "Shelley and the Miltonic Element in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." Milton and the Romantics, 2 (December, 1976), 23–25.
  48. ^ Jones 1952, pp. 496–97.
  49. ^ Sandy, Mark (20 September 2002). "Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire". The Literary Encyclopedia. The Literary Dictionary Company. Retrieved 2 January 2007.
  50. ^ "Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822)". Romantic Natural History. Department of English, Dickinson College. Retrieved 2 January 2007.
  51. ^ Percy Shelley#Ancestry
  52. ^ "Journal 6 December—Very Unwell. Shelley & Clary walk out, as usual, to heaps of places ... A letter from Hookham to say that Harriet has been brought to bed of a son and heir. Shelley writes a number of circular letters on this event, which ought to be ushered in with ringing of bells, etc., for it is the son of his wife." Quoted in Spark, 39.
  53. ^ For example, the Longman study edition published in India in 2007 by Pearson Education
  54. ^ In the best-known versions of the Prometheus story, by Hesiod and Aeschylus, Prometheus merely brings fire to mankind. But in other versions, such as several of Aesop's fables (See in particular Fable 516), Sappho (Fragment 207), and Ovid's Metamorphoses, Prometheus is the actual creator of humanity.
  55. ^ (Leonard Wolf, p. 20).
  56. ^ RoyalSoc.ac.uk "Benjamin Franklin in London." The Royal Society. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
  57. ^ Douthwaite, "The Frankenstein of the French Revolution" chapter 2 of The Frankenstein of 1790 and other Lost Chapters from Revolutionary France (Frankenstein of 1790 and other Lost Chapters from Revolutionary France, 2012).
  58. ^ Ruston, Sharon (25 November 2015). "The Science of Life and Death in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein". The Public Domain Review.
  59. ^ This illustration is reprinted in the frontispiece to the 2008 edition of Frankenstein
  60. ^ "Crossref-it.info". Crossref-it.info. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  61. ^ "Review of Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus". The Quarterly Review. 18: 379–85. January 1818.
  62. ^ "Enotes.com". Enotes.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  63. ^ "KCTCS.edu". Octc.kctcs.edu. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  64. ^ Germaine Greer (9 April 2007). "Yes, Frankenstein really was written by Mary Shelley. It's obvious – because the book is so bad". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  65. ^ L. Lipking. Frankenstein the True Story; or Rousseau Judges Jean-Jacques. (Published in the Norton critical edition. 1996)
  66. ^ UTM.edu Lynn Alexander, Department of English, University of Tennessee at Martin. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
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  74. ^ "Glenn Strange, Actor, Dies; Was 'Gunsmoke' Bartender". The New York Times. 22 September 1973. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  75. ^ Newman, Kim (2018). Kim Newman's Video Dungeon. Titan Books (US, CA). ISBN 978-1785657474.
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  84. ^ "Announcing FRANKENSTEIN, a new interactive literary app for iPad and iPhone". Profile Books. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
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  87. ^ Hello Igor... Daniel Radcliffe gets into character on the set of the brand new Frankenstein movie, The Daily Mail
  88. ^ "Frankenstein 4–27 May 2016. Main Stage. The world premiere of Liam Scarlett's new full-length ballet, inspired by Mary Shelley's Gothic masterpiece". roh.org.uk. Royal Opera House. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  89. ^ Slavin, Rose (11 May 2016). "Frankenstein to be relayed live to BP Big Screens in the UK and cinemas around the world on 18 May 2016". Royal Opera House. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
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