Freudian Analysis of Frankenstein College

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a story about Victor Frankenstein who manages to create a monster, but he is consumed by guilt because the monster harms the people that are important to him. The monster faces rejection from the humankind that is why it avenges by killing Victor’s family members. Victor is the ego in the story because according to Freud, "the ego has to observe the external world and preserve a true picture of it in the memory traces left by its perceptions, and, by means of the reality-test, it has to eliminate any element in this picture of the external world which is a contribution from internal sources of excitation.” Victor is excited the idea of discovering the secret of life and coming up with his creature. Victor thinks that the creation is a success in his life, but after it makes his life miserable, he dedicates his life to destroying it. Frankenstein exemplifies the manner in which the id, ego and superego control the life of a person.

In Frankenstein, the id is Victor's ‘desire to discover the secret of life.' This desire is unconscious that is why he conducts research relentlessly so that he can discover it. According to Freud, the id contains the instinctual discharges that are seeking to be...

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