The dates of composition are approximate.
- Dido, Queen of Carthage (c. 1586) (possibly co-written with Thomas Nashe)
- Tamburlaine the Great, part 1 (c. 1587), part 2 (c. 1587–1588)
- The Jew of Malta (c. 1589)
- The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus (c. 1589, or, c. 1593)
- Edward II (c. 1592)
- The Massacre at Paris (c. 1593)
The play Lust's Dominion was attributed to Marlowe upon its initial publication in 1657, though scholars and critics have almost unanimously rejected the attribution. He may also have written or co-written Arden of Faversham.
- Translation of Book One of Lucan's Pharsalia (date unknown)
- Translation of Ovid's Amores (c. 1580s?)
- The Passionate Shepherd to His Love (pre-1593)
- Hero and Leander (c. 1593, unfinished; completed by George Chapman, 1598)