The First Men in the Moon (1901) by H. G. Wells. A lunar population lives in a single harmonious society, where the offspring starts life in small containers. There it is decided what kind of caste they will belong to for the rest of their existence, and their development at this stage is influenced to make sure they fit their caste perfectly.
Crome Yellow (1921) by Aldous Huxley. Looking forward to Brave New World, this earlier novel has Mr Scogan, a believer in "the goddess of Applied Science", looking forward optimistically to "the next few centuries" when "In vast state incubators, rows upon rows of gravid bottles will supply the world with the population it requires. The family system will disappear; society, sapped at its very base, will have to find new foundations; and Eros, beautifully and irresponsibly free, will flit like a gay butterfly from flower to flower through a sunlit world."
Men Like Gods (1923) by H. G. Wells is a utopian novel that was a source of inspiration for Huxley's novel. Wells' earlier work, A Modern Utopia included the notion of a world state exiling dissidents to islands, where they would be free to live in ways unacceptable for the rest of the world.
The Scientific Outlook (1931) by philosopher Bertrand Russell. When Brave New World was released, Russell thought that Huxley's book was based on his book The Scientific Outlook, released the previous year. Russell contacted his own publisher and asked whether he should do something about this "apparent plagiarism". His publisher advised him not to, and Russell followed this advice.
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) by George Orwell. The two novels are often compared and sometimes regarded as the greatest works depicting dystopias propagandized as "perfect" societies.
- Kurt Vonnegut said that in writing Player Piano (1952) he "cheerfully ripped off the plot of Brave New World, whose plot had been cheerfully ripped off from Yevgeny Zamyatin's We."
Fahrenheit 451 (1953) by Ray Bradbury
Walden Two (1948) by B. F. Skinner. Skinner was a Harvard psychologist who put his formal research in Operant Conditioning and Behaviorism into fictional practice by creating a utopian society based on these scientific principles.
THX 1138 (1971) the George Lucas film, depicts a dystopian future in which the populace is partially controlled through use of drugs.
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