Anna Karenina


The novel has been adapted into various media including opera, film, television, ballet, and radio drama. The first film adaptation was released in 1911 but has not survived.[21]

Film and television

  • 1911: Anna Karenina (1911 film), a Russian adaptation directed by Maurice André Maître[22][23]
  • 1914: Anna Karenina (1914 film), a Russian adaptation directed by Vladimir Gardin
  • 1915: Anna Karenina (1915 film), an American version starring Danish actress Betty Nansen
  • 1918: Anna Karenina (1918 film), a Hungarian adaptation starring Irén Varsányi as Anna Karenina
  • 1927: Love (1927 film), an American version, starring Greta Garbo and directed by Edmund Goulding. This version featured significant changes from the novel and had two different endings, with a happy one for American audiences
  • 1935: Anna Karenina (1935 film), starring Greta Garbo and Fredric March; directed by Clarence Brown
  • 1948: Anna Karenina (1948 film) starring Vivien Leigh and Ralph Richardson; directed by Julien Duvivier
  • 1953: Anna Karenina (1953 film), a Russian version directed by Tatyana Lukashevich
  • 1953: Panakkaari (Rich woman), a Tamil language adaptation directed by K. S. Gopalakrishnan, starring T. R. Rajakumari, M. G. Ramachandran and V. Nagaiah.
  • 1960: Nahr al-Hob (The River of Love), an Egyptian film directed by Ezz El-Dine Zulficar, starring Omar Sharif and Faten Hamama.
  • 1961: Anna Karenina (1961 film), a BBC Television adaptation directed by Rudolph Cartier, starring Claire Bloom and Sean Connery.[24][25]
  • 1967: Anna Karenina (1967 film), a Russian version directed by Alexander Zarkhi
  • 1977: Anna Karenina, a 1977 ten-episode BBC series, directed by Basil Coleman and starred Nicola Pagett, Eric Porter and Stuart Wilson[26][27]
  • 1975/1979: Anna Karenina (1975 film), film of the Bolshoi Ballet production, directed by Margarita Pilikhina, first released in Finland in 1976. U.S. release in 1979[28][29]
  • 1985: Anna Karenina (1985 film), a TV Movie starring Jacqueline Bisset and Christopher Reeve, directed by Simon Langton
  • 1997: Anna Karenina (1997 film), the first American version filmed entirely in Russia, directed by Bernard Rose and starring Sophie Marceau and Sean Bean
  • 2000: Anna Karenina (2000 TV series), a British version by David Blair and starring Helen McCrory and Kevin McKidd[30]
  • 2012: Anna Karenina (2012 film), a British version by Joe Wright from a screenplay by Tom Stoppard, starring Keira Knightley and Jude Law
  • 2013: it:Anna Karenina (miniserie televisiva 2013), an English-language Italian/French/Spanish/German/Lithuanian TV co-production by Christian Duguay and starring Vittoria Puccini, Benjamin Sadler and Santiago Cabrera; alternatively presented as a two-part mini-series or a single 3 hours and 15 minutes film[31][32][33]
  • 2015: The Beautiful Lie (2015 miniseries), an Australian contemporary re-imagining of Anna Karenina, by Glendyn Ivin and Peter Salmon starring Sarah Snook, Rodger Corser, Benedict Samuel, Sophie Lowe[34]
  • 2017: Anna Karenina: Vronsky's Story, a Russian adaption directed by Karen Shakhnazarov


  • 1992: Helen Edmundson adapted Anna Karenina for a production by Shared Experience which toured around the UK and internationally; Edmundson won a Time Out Award and a TMA Award[35][36]
  • 1992: Anna Karenina, musical with book and lyrics by Peter Kellogg and music by Daniel Levine. Opened on Broadway at Circle in the Square, August 26, 1992; closed October 4, 1992 after 18 previews and 46 performances.[37]
  • 1994: Anna Karenina, musical by Hungarian authors Tibor Kocsák (music) and Tibor Miklós (book and lyrics)


  • 1979: Anna Karenina, choreography by André Prokovsky, with music by Tchaikovsky[38]
  • 2005: Anna Karenina, choreography by Boris Eifman, with music by Tchaikovsky
  • 2019: Anna Karenina, choreography by Yuri Possokhov, with music from Ilya Demutsky[39]


  • 1949: The MGM Theater of the Air, starring Marlene Dietrich and directed by Marx Loeb[40]


  • 1978 Anna Karenina, composed by Iain Hamilton
  • 2007 Anna Karenina, composed by David Carlson

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