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historical event in the story or an actual evet from history?
Disheartened after losing money in a lawsuit, he spends much of his day drinking. Jones is an allegory for Tsar Nicholas II. As far as lawsuit, I'm not sure of the allegory.
I've spent the last 20 minutes trying to find you a direct parallel to the lawsuit with no luck. As Aslan says, Jones represents Tsar Nicholas, and his removal from the farm by the animals directly correlates with Russian history; but the lawsuit? You've got me there!
i also cannot find the answer to the lawsuit question.
I can think of two particular things to which Orwell could be referring. So as Aslan says "Jones is an allegory for Tsar Nicholas II". A lawsuit is two people fighting against each other just like a war. Between 1904-1905 Russia entered into a war with Japan called "The Russo-Japanese War". This was, among other reasons, a way to try and when back favor for Tsar Nicholas II in the eyes of the uneasy and revolting citizens. Tsar Nicholas II thought that surely there was no way that Russia could lose a war with such a small country and that the victory would gain his favor with the citizens. However, it backfired horribly. They embarrassingly lost the war with Japan causing even more outrage among the people of Russia. This could be what Orwell was referring to. But I think he was more likely referring to the many lost battles to Germany in WW1, as that war was going on when Tsar Nicholas II abdicated. These are just my opinion based off my of my knowledge of Russian history books I've read. I am in NO WAY a professional. So take this with a BIG grain of salt.
My weird taste in books. I can't remember which ones but probably a combination of "The Rise of the Soviet Union" "Revolutionary Russia 1891-1991 A History" by Orlando Figes "The End of Tsarist Russia" by Dominic Lieven "Animal Farm" by Goerge Orwell (of course) These are just the books I own I know for a fact I've read more from the library but I can't remember the names.