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"No animal in England knows the meaning
Of happiness or leisure after he is a year old. No animal in England is
free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth. "
I think Old Major is using simple truth and rhetoric that the animals know too well yet never discuss.
"But is this simply part of the order of nature? Is it because this land
of ours is so poor that it cannot afford a decent life to those who dwell
upon it? "
Here Old Major uses rhetorical questioning to achieve an effect that will convince the animals to rebel.