1984

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Classify". OCLC. Archived from the original on 2 February 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b Murphy, Bruce (1996). Benét's reader's encyclopedia. New York: Harper Collins. p. 734. ISBN 978-0-06-181088-6. OCLC 35572906.
  3. ^ a b c Aaronovitch, David (8 February 2013). "1984: George Orwell's road to dystopia". BBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  4. ^ Orwell, George (1968) [1958]. Bott, George (ed.). Selected Writings. London: Heinemann. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-435-13675-8. Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it. [italics in original]
  5. ^ Chernow, Barbara; Vallasi, George (1993). The Columbia Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 2030. OCLC 334011745.
  6. ^ Crouch, Ian (11 June 2013). "So Are We Living in 1984?". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  7. ^ Seaton, Jean. "Why Orwell's 1984 could be about now". BBC. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  8. ^ Leetaru, Kalev. "As Orwell's 1984 Turns 70 It Predicted Much of Today's Surveillance Society". Forbes. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  9. ^ Grossman, Lev; Lacayo, Richard (6 October 2005). "All-Time 100 Novels. 1984 (1949), by George Orwell". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  10. ^ "100 Best Novels". Modern Library. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  11. ^ "The Big Read". BBC. April 2003. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  12. ^ Letter to Roger Senhouse, 26 December 1948, reprinted in Collected Works: It Is What I Think, p. 487
  13. ^ Bowker, Chapter 18. "thesis": pp. 368–369
  14. ^ Bowker 2003, pp. 383, 399
  15. ^ "Charles' George Orwell Links". Netcharles.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  16. ^ CEJL, iv, no. 125.
  17. ^ Crick, Bernard. Introduction to Nineteen Eighty-Four (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984)
  18. ^ Introduction to Animal Farm and 1984 by Christopher Hitchens, ISBN 978-0-15-101026-4; p. x (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003)
  19. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2019). The Ministry of Truth: The Biography of George Orwell's 1984. Doubleday. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-385-54406-1.
  20. ^ Marcus, Laura; Nicholls, Peter (2005). The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century English Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-521-82077-6. Brave New World [is] traditionally bracketed with Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four as a dystopia ...
  21. ^ "1984 thoughtcrime? Does it matter that George Orwell pinched the plot?", Paul Owen, The Guardian, 8 June 2009.
  22. ^ "Road Warrior". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  23. ^ a b "Brown library buys singer Janis Ian's collection of fantasy, science fiction". providencejournal.com. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  24. ^ Braga, Jennifer. "Announcement | 70th Anniversary of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four | Brown University Library News". Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  25. ^ Martyris, Nina (18 September 2014). "George Orwell Weighs in on Scottish Independence". LA Review of Books. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  26. ^ This may be a reference to "McAndrew's Hymn", which includes the lines "From coupler-flange to spindle-guide I see Thy Hand, O God— / Predestination in the stride o' yon connectin'-rod".[25]
  27. ^ Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part One, Ch. 4.
  28. ^ Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part Two, Ch. 8.
  29. ^ Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part Three, Ch. 6.
  30. ^ Rozenhof, Claude I.; de Los Rios, Garziela (1987). "How Far Did Orwell's Wartime Work In The BBC Inspire The Ministry Of Truth?". Academic Workshop on Propaganda and Counter-Propaganda: 7, 12.
  31. ^ a b Part II, Ch. 9
  32. ^ University of Toronto Quarterly, Volume 26. University of Toronto Press. 1957. p. 89.
  33. ^ Margaret Atwood: "Orwell and me". The Guardian 16 June 2003
  34. ^ Benstead, James (26 June 2005). "Hope Begins in the Dark: Re-reading Nineteen Eighty-Four" Archived 24 October 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ Andrew Milner: Locating Science Fiction. Liverpool F.C.: Liverpool University Press, 2012, pp. 120–135.
  36. ^ Thomas Pynchon: Foreword to the Centennial Edition to Nineteen eighty-four, pp. vii–xxvi. New York: Plume, 2003. In shortened form published also as The Road to 1984 Archived 15 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine in The Guardian (Analysis)
  37. ^ Orwell, George; Rovere, Richard Halworth (1984) [1956], The Orwell Reader: Fiction, Essays, and Reportage, San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, p. 409, ISBN 978-0-15-670176-1.
  38. ^ Lewis, David. Papers in Ethics and Social Philosophy (2000), Volume 3, p. 107.
  39. ^ Glasby, John. Evidence, Policy and Practice: Critical Perspectives in Health and Social Care (2011), p. 22.
  40. ^ "George Orwell: "Notes on Nationalism"". Resort.com. May 1945. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  41. ^ Decker, James (2004). George Orwell's 1984 and Political Ideology. p. 146. doi:10.1007/978-0-230-62914-1_7. ISBN 978-0-333-77538-7.
  42. ^ "George Orwell – 1984 – Part 3, Chapter 3". www.george-orwell.org. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  43. ^ Martin, Mike W.; Department of Philosophy, Florida State University (1984). "Demystifying Doublethink: Self-Deception, Truth, and Freedom in 1984". Social Theory and Practice. 10 (3): 319–331. doi:10.5840/soctheorpract198410314. ISSN 0037-802X.
  44. ^ Orwell. 1984. pp. part 1, chapter 4.
  45. ^ Reed, Kit (1985). "Barron's Booknotes – 1984 by George Orwell". Barron's Educational Series. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  46. ^ "1984".Part 2, Chapter 9
  47. ^ Lines 29–35, p. 229, Chapter X, Part II of the Penguin paperback edition of 1984: "The proles were immortal, you could not doubt it when you looked at that valiant figure in the yard. In the end their awakening would come. And until that happened, though it might be a thousand years, they would stay alive against all the odds, like birds, passing on from body to body the vitality which the Party did not share and could not kill".
  48. ^ Bossche, Edmond van Den (1 January 1984). "The Message for Today in Orwell's '1984' (Published 1984)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  49. ^ "George Orwell – 1984 – Part 1, Chapter 4". www.george-orwell.org. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  50. ^ "Talking People: Your Stuff! – G. Orwell". www.talkingpeople.net. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  51. ^ Sheldon, Sidney (2006) The Other Side of Me, Grand Central Publishing, p. 213
  52. ^ Taylor, D. J. "The Best George Orwell Books". Five Books (Interview). Interviewed by Stephanie Kelley. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  53. ^ Tzouliadis, Tim (2008). The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1-59420-168-4.
  54. ^ Perry, Matt. Review of "Left Book Club Anthology" (review no. 261) Ed. Paul Laity. London, Gollancz, 2001, ISBN 978-0-575-07221-3; Reviews in History for the Institute of Historical Review at the University of London School of Advanced Study. Retrieved 28 October 2015
  55. ^ Vertov, Dziga (1985). Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05630-5.
  56. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2019). The Ministry of Truth. Doubleday Books. ISBN 9780385544054.
  57. ^ Siegelbaum, Lewis (2000). Stalinism as a Way of Life. Yale University Press. p. 100. ISBN 0-300-08480-3.
  58. ^ Senyonovna, Eugenia (1967). Journey into the Whirlwind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
  59. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2019). The Ministry of Truth. Doubleday Books. ISBN 9780385544054.
  60. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, Sheila (1999). Everyday Stalinism. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-505001-1.
  61. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2019). The Ministry of Truth. Doubleday Books. p. 22. ISBN 9780385544054.
  62. ^ "Go No More a-Rushing (Riddle Song)". Sniff.numachi.com. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  63. ^ Werth, Alexander (2017). Russia at War, 1941–1945: A History. Skyhorse Publishers. ISBN 978-1510716254.
  64. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2019). The Ministry of Truth. Doubleday Books. p. 88. ISBN 9780385544054.
  65. ^ McCauley, Martin (2014). The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union. Taylor and Francis. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-317-86783-8. OCLC 869093605.
  66. ^ "Newseum: The Commissar Vanishes". Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  67. ^ King, David (1997). The Commissar Vanishes: The Falsification of Photographs and Art in Stalin's Russia. Metropolitan / Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-5294-7.
  68. ^ Sophie Lambroschini, “Russia: Putin-Decreed ‘Great Russian’ Encyclopedia Debuts At Moscow Book Fair Archived 2007-12-05 at the Wayback Machine,” Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
  69. ^ O. Lawrence Burnette Jr. and William Converse Haygood (Eds.), A Soviet View of the American past: An Annotated Translation of the Section on American History in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Chicago: Scott, Foresman, 1964), p. 7. Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine”
  70. ^ "Soviet Encyclopedia Omits Beria's Name". The Times-News. 2 December 1953. p. 8. Retrieved 23 April 2017 – via Google News Archive.
  71. ^ Schacter, Daniel L.; Scarry, Elaine, eds. (2001). Memory, brain, and belief. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-00719-2. OCLC 803952174.
  72. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1944). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Foreign Languages Press.
  73. ^ "Order of the Day, No. 130, May 1st, 1942". Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  74. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1970). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Foreign Language Press – Peking.
  75. ^ Foster, David William; Altamiranda, Daniel (1997). Twentieth-century Spanish American Literature to 1960. ISBN 978-0-8153-2680-9.
  76. ^ Orwell, George (2016). 1984. Enrich Spot Limited. ISBN 978-988-12356-0-2.
  77. ^ "London Letter to Partisan Review, December 1944, quoted from vol. 3 of the Penguin edition of the Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters.
  78. ^ "George Orwell: Why I Write". Resort.com. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  79. ^ Shelden, Michael (1991). Orwell – The Authorized Biography. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 430–34. ISBN 978-0-06-092161-3.
  80. ^ John A. Hobson, 1920: Dips into the Near Future
  81. ^ George Orwell, "Review", Tribune, 4 January 1946. paraphrasing Rayner Heppenstall, he reportedly said "that he was taking it as the model for his next novel". Bowker, p. 340.
  82. ^ "Bloomsbury Collections – George Orwell and Religion". www.bloomsburycollections.com. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  83. ^ "The real room 101". BBC. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2006.Meyers (2000), p. 214.
  84. ^ Orwell, Sonia and Angus, Ian (eds). The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Volume 2: "My Country Right or Left" (1940–43; Penguin)
  85. ^ Orwell, George (2000). Orwell, Sonia; Angus, Ian (eds.). George Orwell: the Collected Essays, Journalism & Letters (1st Nonpareil ed.). Boston: Nonpareil Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-56792-134-2. The third was to develop a positive imperial policy, and aim at transforming the Empire into a federation of Socialist states, like a looser and freer version of the Union of Soviet Republics.
  86. ^ Irving Howe, Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four : Text, Sources, Criticism. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. ISBN 978-0-15-565811-0 pp. 290–293.
  87. ^ a b c Nigel Fountain, "First Bites: Nineteen Eighty-Four. The Guardian, 14 June 1994.
  88. ^ Lewis, Clive Staples (1966). On Stories: And Other Essays on Literature. George Orwell. Harcourt. p. 101.
  89. ^ "100 'most inspiring' novels revealed by BBC Arts". BBC News. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019. The reveal kickstarts the BBC's year-long celebration of literature.
  90. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2002). Why Orwell Matters. New York: Basic Books. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-465-03050-7.
  91. ^ Cushman, Thomas; Rodden, John (2015). George Orwell: Into the Twenty-first Century. Routledge. p. 82. ISBN 978-1317259237. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  92. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (2002). Why Orwell Matters. New York: Basic Books. p. 54–55. ISBN 978-0-465-03050-7.
  93. ^ "1984! The Musical! | New Theatre". 6 November 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  94. ^ "1984 | Northern Ballet". northernballet.com. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  95. ^ a b Hawkins, Amy; Wasserstrom, Jeffrey (13 January 2019). "Why 1984 Isn't Banned in China". The Atlantic. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  96. ^ John Rodden. The Politics of Literary Reputation: The Making and Claiming of "St. George" Orwell
  97. ^ Keyes, Ralph (2009). I Love It When You Talk Retro. St Martins. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-312-34005-6.
  98. ^ Wilmut, Roger; Grafton, Jimmy (1976). The Goon Show Companion: A History and Goonography. Robson Books. p. 56.
  99. ^ Stardust: The David Bowie Story, Henry Edwards and Tony Zanetta, 1986, McGraw-Hill Book Company, p. 220
  100. ^ Grimm, Beca (23 June 2017). "Flashback: David Bowie's Failed Attempt to Adapt George Orwell's '1984'". Rolling Stone.
  101. ^ a b "10 Songs Inspired by George Orwell's 1984". Paste magazine. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  102. ^ Friedman, Ted (2005). "Chapter 5: 1984". Electric Dreams: Computers in American Culture. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-2740-9. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  103. ^ "Apple's Macintosh, 25 years on". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  104. ^ Mulkern, Patrick (18 September 2011). "Doctor Who: The God Complex". Radio Times. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  105. ^ Star Trek: Picard Viewing Guide – The Essential Treks to Take Before the Show – IGN, 18 January 2020, retrieved 29 October 2020
  106. ^ "Muse Discuss The Resistance, Their 'Very Personal' New Album". MTV. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  107. ^ Manson, Marilyn (2012). The Long Hard Road Out of Hell. Harper Collins. p. 19.
  108. ^ Bastille – Back to the Future, retrieved 6 February 2022
  109. ^ "Justice Breyer warns of Orwellian government". The Hill. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  110. ^ '1984' sales skyrocket in wake of US spy scandal, Agence France-Presse, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  111. ^ Sales of Orwell's '1984' Increase as Details of NSA Scandal Emerge, ABC News, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  112. ^ George Orwell's '1984' Book Sales Skyrocket In Wake Of NSA Surveillance Scandal, HuffPost, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  113. ^ Kakutani, Michiko (26 January 2017). "Why '1984' Is a 2017 Must-Read". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  114. ^ Freytas-Tamura, Kimiko de (25 January 2017). "George Orwell's '1984' Is Suddenly a Best-Seller". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  115. ^ Rossman, Sean (25 January 2017). "George Orwell's '1984' leaps to top of Amazon bestseller list". USA Today. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  116. ^ a b "Kellyanne Conway's "Alternative Facts" Claim Sends '1984' Book Sales Soaring". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  117. ^ "These Are The NYPL's Top Check Outs of All Time" Archived 13 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine. Gothamist. Retrieved 13 January 2020
  118. ^ The date of publication is 8 June 1949 for the UK, 5 days later in the US
  119. ^ "George Orwell is out of copyright. What happens now?" The Guardian, 2021
  120. ^ "1984 v. Brave New World". Letters of Note. 8 February 2020. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  121. ^ Purves, Libby (12 September 2015). "1984? Brave New World? Why I love a little dystopia". Archived from the original on 10 January 2022.
  122. ^ "Juxtapoz Magazine January 2011". Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  123. ^ "2011: A Brave New Dystopia: Chris Hedges". 27 December 2010.
  124. ^ "1984 vs. Brave New World: Comparison". Study.com.
  125. ^ Aldous Huxley;s Brave New World Revisited
  126. ^ "Which Dystopian Novel Got It Right: Orwell's '1984' or Huxley's 'Brave New World'?". The New York Times. 13 February 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  127. ^ "Orwell's "1984" and Trump's America". The New Yorker. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  128. ^ "Forget Nineteen Eighty-Four. These five dystopias better reflect Trump's US". The Guardian. 26 January 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  129. ^ "Dystopian Novels for Modern Times". Rebel Princess Reader. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.

General and cited references

  • Aubrey, Crispin; Chilton, Paul, eds. (1983). Nineteen Eighty-four in 1984: Autonomy, Control, and Communication (repr. ed.). London: Comedia Pub. Group. ISBN 978-0-906890-42-4.
  • Bowker, Gordon (2003). Inside George Orwell: A Biography. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-23841-4.
  • Hillegas, Mark R. (1967). The Future as Nightmare: H. G. Wells and the Anti-Utopians. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-0676-3
  • Howe, Irving, ed. (1983). 1984 Revisited: Totalitarianism in Our Century. New York: Harper Row. ISBN 978-0-06-080660-6.
  • Meyers, Jeffery. Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation. W. W. Norton. 2000. ISBN 978-0-393-32263-7
  • Orwell, George (1949). Nineteen Eighty-Four. A novel. London: Secker & Warburg.
  • ——— (1984). Davison, Peter (ed.). Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile Manuscript. London, United Kingdom: Secker and Warburg. ISBN 978-0-436-35022-1.
  • ——— (1977). 1984. Erich Fromm (foreword) (reissue ed.). Signet Classics. ISBN 978-0-451-52493-5.
  • ——— (2003). Animal Farm and 1984. Christopher Hitchens (Foreword) (1st ed.). HMH. ISBN 978-0-15-101026-4.
  • ——— (2003). Nineteen Eighty-Four. Thomas Pynchon (foreword); Erich Fromm (afterword). Plume. ISBN 978-0-452-28423-4.
Afterword by Erich Fromm (1961), pp. 324–37.
Orwell's text has a "Selected Bibliography", pp. 338–39; the foreword and the afterword each contain further references.
The Plume edition is an authorised reprint of a hardcover edition published by Harcourt, Inc.
The Plume edition is also published in a Signet edition. The copyright page says this, but the Signet ed. does not have the Pynchon foreword.
Copyright is explicitly extended to digital and any other means.
  • Orwell, George. 1984 (Vietnamese edition), translation by Đặng Phương-Nghi, French preface by Bertrand Latour ISBN 978-0-9774224-5-6.
  • Shelden, Michael (1991). Orwell: The Authorised Biography. London: Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-434-69517-1.
  • Smith, David; Mosher, Michael (1984). Orwell for Beginners (1st ed.). [London], Eng.: Writers and Readers Pub. Cooperative. ISBN 978-0-86316-066-0.
  • Steinhoff, William R. (1975). George Orwell and the Origins of 1984. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-87400-2.
  • Tuccille, Jerome (1975). Who's afraid of 1984? The case for optimism in looking ahead to the 1980s. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House Publishers. ISBN 978-0-87000-308-0.
  • West, W. J. (1992). The Larger Evils – Nineteen Eighty-Four: the Truth Behind the Satire. Edinburgh: Canongate Press. ISBN 978-0-86241-382-8.

This content is from Wikipedia. GradeSaver is providing this content as a courtesy until we can offer a professionally written study guide by one of our staff editors. We do not consider this content professional or citable. Please use your discretion when relying on it.