1984

References

  1. ^ "OCLC Classify". classify.oclc.org. Retrieved 22 May 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Murphy, Bruce (1996). Benét's reader's encyclopedia. New York: Harper Collins. p. 734. ISBN 0061810886.
  3. ^ a b Aaronovitch, David (8 February 2013). "1984: George Orwell's road to dystopia". BBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  4. ^ Chernow, Barbara; Vallasi, George (1993). The Columbia Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 2030. OCLC 334011745.
  5. ^ Grossman, Lev; Lacayo, Richard (6 October 2005). "All-Time 100 Novels. 1984 (1949), by George Orwell". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  6. ^ "100 Best Novels". Modern Library. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  7. ^ "BBC – The Big Read". BBC. April 2003. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  8. ^ Letter to Roger Senhouse, 26 December 1948, reprinted in Collected Works:It Is What I Think, p. 487
  9. ^ Bowker, Chapter 18. "thesis": pp. 368–69
  10. ^ Bowker 2003, pp. 383, 399
  11. ^ "Charles' George Orwell Links". Netcharles.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  12. ^ John Rodden. The Politics of Literary Reputation: The Making and Claiming of "St. George" Orwell
  13. ^ CEJL, iv, no. 125.
  14. ^ Crick, Bernard. Introduction to Nineteen Eighty-Four (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984)
  15. ^ Introduction to Animal Farm and 1984 by Christopher Hitchens, ISBN 978-0-15-101026-4; p. x (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003)
  16. ^ Marcus, Laura; Nicholls, Peter (2005). The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century English Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 0-521-82077-4. Brave New World [is] traditionally bracketed with Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four as a dystopia ...
  17. ^ "Freedom and Happiness" (a review of We by Yevgeny Zamyatin) by Orwell, The Express Tribune, 4 January 1946.
  18. ^ "1984 thoughtcrime? Does it matter that George Orwell pinched the plot?", Paul Owen, The Guardian, 8 June 2009.
  19. ^ "Road Warrior". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  20. ^ Canadian protection covers the author's life and 50 years from the end of the calendar year of his or her death.
  21. ^ South African copyright law protects literary works for the author's life plus fifty years; see the Copyright Act, No. 98 of 1978, as amended Archived 16 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine..
  22. ^ "1984, de Orwell, 60 años después – 25.07.2009 – lanacion.com". Lanacion.com.ar. 25 July 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  23. ^ Australian law stipulates life plus 70 years, since 2005. The law is not retrospective and excludes works published in the lifetime of an author who died in 1956 or earlier
  24. ^ Omani law provides for a copyright duration of 70 years after the death of the author since 2008, prior to this the copyright duration was only 50 years after the death of the author, and as the new law explicitly provides that it does not apply to works already in the public domain, this work remains in the public domain.
  25. ^ "EUR-Lex - 32006L0116 - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  26. ^ Law No. 9.610 of February 19, 1998 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. WIPO, 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  27. ^ Hirtle, Peter B. "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Retrieved 25 March 2010. As a work published between 1923 and 1963, with renewed notice and copyright, it remains protected for 95 years from its publication date
  28. ^ Part I, Ch. 1.
  29. ^ Part I, Ch. 3.
  30. ^ "striking thirteen" (1:00 pm). In Nineteen Eighty-Four, the 24-hour clock is modern, the 12-hour clock is old-fashioned, Part I, Ch. 8.
  31. ^ Martyris, Nina (18 September 2014). "George Orwell Weighs In on Scottish Independence". LA Review of Books. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  32. ^ This may be a reference to "McAndrew's Hymn", which includes the lines "From coupler-flange to spindle-guide I see Thy Hand, O God— / Predestination in the stride o' yon connectin'-rod".[31]
  33. ^ a b Part II, Ch. 9
  34. ^ Reed, Kit (1985). "Barron's Booknotes-1984 by George Orwell". Barron's Educational Series. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  35. ^ "1984".Part 2, Chapter 9
  36. ^ Lines 29–35, p. 229, Chapter X, Part II of the Penguin paperback edition of 1984: "The proles were immortal, you could not doubt it when you looked at that valiant figure in the yard. In the end their awakening would come. And until that happened, though it might be a thousand years, they would stay alive against all the odds, like birds, passing on from body to body the vitality which the Party did not share and could not kill".
  37. ^ "George Orwell: "Notes on Nationalism"". Resort.com. May 1945. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  38. ^ Margaret Atwood: "Orwell and me". The Guardian 16 June 2003
  39. ^ Benstead, James (26 June 2005). "Hope Begins in the Dark: Re-reading Nineteen Eighty-Four" Archived 24 October 2005 at the Wayback Machine..
  40. ^ Andrew Milner: Locating Science Fiction. Liverpool F.C.: Liverpool University Press, 2012, pp. 120–35.
  41. ^ Thomas Pynchon: Foreword to the Centennial Edition to Nineteen eighty-four, pp. vii–xxvi. New York: Plume, 2003. In shortened form published also as The Road to 1984 Archived 15 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine. in The Guardian (Analysis)
  42. ^ Sheldon, Sidney (2006) The Other Side of Me, Grand Central Publishing, p. 213
  43. ^ Tzouliadis, Tim (2008). The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1-59420-168-4.
  44. ^ Perry, Matt. Review of "Left Book Club Anthology" (review no. 261) Ed. Paul Laity. London, Gollancz, 2001, ISBN 9780575072213; Reviews in History for the Institute of Historical Review at the University of London School of Advanced Study. Retrieved 28 October 2015
  45. ^ Vertov, Dziga (1985). Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05630-5.
  46. ^ Senyonovna, Eugenia (1967). Journey into the Whirlwind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
  47. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, Sheila (1999). Everyday Stalinism. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505001-0.
  48. ^ "Go No More a-Rushing (Riddle Song)". Sniff.numachi.com. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  49. ^ Brooks, Jeffrey. Thank you, comrade Stalin! Soviet public culture from revolution to Cold War. New Jersey Princeton University Presss. p. 9. ISBN 0691004110. OCLC 900266028.
  50. ^ McCauley, Martin (2014). The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union. Taylor and Francis. p. 298. ISBN 9781317867838. OCLC 869093605.
  51. ^ "Newseum: The Commissar Vanishes". Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  52. ^ King, David (1997). The Commissar Vanishes: The Falsification of Photographs and Art in Stalin's Russia. Metropolitan / Holt. ISBN 0-8050-5294-1.
  53. ^ Schacter, Daniel L.; Scarry, Elaine, eds. (2001). Memory, brain, and belief. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674007192. OCLC 803952174.
  54. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1944). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Foreign Languages Press.
  55. ^ "Order of the Day, No. 130, May 1st, 1942". Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  56. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1970). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Foreign Language Press – Peking.
  57. ^ "Twentieth-century Spanish American Literature to 1960".
  58. ^ "London Letter to Partisan Review, December 1944, quoted from vol. 3 of the Penguin edition of the Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters.
  59. ^ "George Orwell: Why I Write". Resort.com. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  60. ^ Shelden, Michael (1991). Orwell – The Authorized Biography. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 430–34. ISBN 0-06-092161-7.
  61. ^ John A. Hobson, 1920: Dips into the Near Future
  62. ^ George Orwell, "Review", Tribune, 4 January 1946. paraphrasing Rayner Heppenstall, he reportedly said "that he was taking it as the model for his next novel". Bowker, p. 340.
  63. ^ "The real room 101". BBC. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2006. Meyers (2000), p. 214.
  64. ^ Orwell, Sonia and Angus, Ian (eds). The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Volume 2: "My Country Right or Left" (1940–43; Penguin)
  65. ^ Orwell, George (2000). Orwell, Sonia; Angus, Ian, eds. George Orwell: the Collected Essays, Journalism & Letters (1st Nonpareil ed.). Boston: Nonpareil Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-56792-134-2. The third was to develop a positive imperial policy, and aim at transforming the Empire into a federation of Socialist states, like a looser and freer version of the Union of Soviet Republics.
  66. ^ Irving Howe, Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four : Text, Sources, Criticism. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. ISBN 0-15-565811-5 pp. 290–93.
  67. ^ a b c "First Bites: Nineteen Eighty-Four. Nigel Fountain, The Guardian, June 14, 1994.
  68. ^ Lewis, Clive Staple (1966). On Stories: And Other Essays on Literature. George Orwell. Harcourt. p. 101.
  69. ^ Keyes, Ralph (2009). I Love It When You Talk Retro. St Martins. p. 222.
  70. ^ Wilmut, Roger; Jimmy Grafton (1976). The Goon Show Companion – A History and Goonography. Robson Books. p. 56.
  71. ^ Stardust The David Bowie Story, Henry Edwards and Tony Zanetta, 1986, McGraw-Hill Book Company, p. 220
  72. ^ Grimm, Beca (23 June 2017). "Flashback: David Bowie's Failed Attempt to Adapt George Orwell's '1984'".
  73. ^ "Love Is - Iain Williams & the 1984 Project (ft. vocals by Lelo)". Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  74. ^ Mulkern, Patrick (18 September 2011). "Doctor Who: The God Complex". Radio Times. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  75. ^ "Muse Discuss The Resistance, Their 'Very Personal' New Album". MTV. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  76. ^ Wikipedia
  77. ^ "Justice Breyer warns of Orwellian government". The Hill. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  78. ^ '1984' sales skyrocket in wake of US spy scandal, Agence France-Presse, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  79. ^ Sales of Orwell's '1984' Increase as Details of NSA Scandal Emerge, ABC News, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  80. ^ George Orwell's '1984' Book Sales Skyrocket In Wake Of NSA Surveillance Scandal, The Huffington Post, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  81. ^ Kakutani, Michiko (26 January 2017). "Why '1984' Is a 2017 Must-Read". New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  82. ^ Freytas-Tamura, Kimiko de (25 January 2017). "George Orwell's '1984' Is Suddenly a Best-Seller". New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  83. ^ Rossman, Sean (25 January 2017). "George Orwell's '1984' leaps to top of Amazon bestseller list". USA Today. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  84. ^ a b "Kellyanne Conway's "Alternative Facts" Claim Sends '1984' Book Sales Soaring". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  85. ^ Savage, Robert (1989). The Orwell Moment. London: University Arkansas Press.
  86. ^ Gleason,"On Nineteen Eighty Four"
  87. ^ "1984? Brave New World? Why I love a little dystopia".
  88. ^ "Juxtapoz Magazine January 2011". Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  89. ^ "2011: A Brave New Dystopia: Chris Hedges". 27 December 2010.
  90. ^ "1984 vs. Brave New World: Comparison". Study.com.
  91. ^ Letter from Aldous Huxley to George Orwell. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  92. ^ Aldous Huxley;s Brave New World Revisited
  93. ^ "Which Dystopian Novel Got It Right: Orwell's '1984' or Huxley's 'Brave New World'?". The New York Times. 2017-02-13. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  94. ^ "Orwell's "1984" and Trump's America". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  95. ^ "Forget Nineteen Eighty-Four. These five dystopias better reflect Trump's US". The Guardian. 2017-01-26. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  96. ^ "Dystopian Novels for Modern Times". Rebel Princess Reader. 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-06-17.

This content is from Wikipedia. GradeSaver is providing this content as a courtesy until we can offer a professionally written study guide by one of our staff editors. We do not consider this content professional or citable. Please use your discretion when relying on it.