Witness

References

  1. ^ "FBI memo re: Jay David Whittaker Chambers: Perjury". University of Michigan. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ He assumed his mother's maiden name, "Whittaker", in the 1920s.
  3. ^ "Whittaker Chambers". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chambers, Whittaker (1952). Witness. New York: Random House. pp. 799 (total). LCCN 52005149. 
  5. ^ Staff."A Sad, Solemn Sweetness", Time (magazine), November 17, 1975. Retrieved September 24, 2008. "Trilling's first and only novel, published in 1947, made his name known in an unexpected circle—the FBI. Titled The Middle of the Journey, the book described the intellectual torture of a Communist in the process of quitting the party. Reviews which praised its "assurance, literacy and intelligence" aroused the interest of FBI agents investigating Whittaker Chambers' allegations of spying by State Department Official Alger Hiss. Indeed Trilling had shared a class with Chambers when both were Columbia students, and he frankly admitted fictionalizing Chambers' story in his novel."
  6. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, p. 28
  7. ^ Meier, Andrew (August 11, 2008). The Lost Spy: An American in Stalin's Secret Service. W. W. Norton. pp. 224–267, 289–300. ISBN 978-0-393-06097-3. 
  8. ^ The New York Times uses the year 1930 while Time and The Milwaukee Sentinel uses the year 1931.
  9. ^ "Widow of Chambers Dies". New York Times. August 20, 1986. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  10. ^ "She Lives in Fear: In Her First Interview, Mrs. Whittaker Chambers Reveals Her Ordeal". Milwaukee Sentinel. 23 November 1952. p. 5. 
  11. ^ a b Kimmage, Michael (2009). The Conservative Turn: Lionel Trilling, Whittaker Chambers, and the Lessons of Anti-Communism. Harvard University Press. pp. 52–54. ISBN 0-674-03258-6. 
  12. ^ a b Johnson, David K. (2004). The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government. University of Chicago Press. pp. 32–33. ISBN 0-226-40481-1. 
  13. ^ Gold, Ed (April 11–17, 2007). "At Alger Hiss conference, gay debate gets red hot". The Villager: Volume 76, Number 46. Retrieved August 19, 2009. 
  14. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, pp. 70–71
  15. ^ "Translations". WhittakerChambers.org. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  16. ^ Haynes, John Earl; Klehr, Harvey (2000). Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. pp. 62, 63, 64. ISBN 0-300-08462-5. 
  17. ^ Haynes, John Earl; Klehr, Harvey (2000). Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. pp. 91, 126, 65, 90. ISBN 0-300-08462-5. 
  18. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, pp. 131–133
  19. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, pp. 159–161
  20. ^ Weinstein 1997, p. 292
  21. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, pp. 163, 203–204
  22. ^ Olmsted, Kathryn S. (2002). Red Spy Queen: A Biography of Elizabeth Bentley. The University of North Carolina Press. p. 32. ISBN 0-8078-2739-8. 
  23. ^ "Night Thoughts". Time. May 8, 1948. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  24. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, pp. 174–175
  25. ^ Reidel, James (2007). 'Vanished Act: The Life and Art of Weldon Kees. University of Nebraska Press. p. 121. ISBN 9780803259775. 
  26. ^ Herzstein, Robert E. (2005). Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 978-0-521-83577-0. 
  27. ^ Tanenhaus 1998, p. 175
  28. ^ "Time's People and Time's Children". Time. March 8, 1948. 
  29. ^ "TIME - Cover Stories". WhittakerChambers.org. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  30. ^ Weinstein 1997, p. 308
  31. ^ a b c Linder, Douglas. "The Alger Hiss Trials". "Famous Trials". University Of Missouri-Kansas City School Of Law. 
  32. ^ "Justice Department releases copies of the "Pumpkin Papers"". New York Times. August 1, 1975.  |accessdate= requires |url= (help)
  33. ^ a b Tanenhaus, Sam. "c-cpan interview, 5/26/02". Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  34. ^ Weinstein 1997, pp. 487, 493
  35. ^ "Review – Kirkus". WhittakerChambers.org. 21 May 1952. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  36. ^ "Review - New York Times (The Two Faiths of Whittaker Chambers)". WhittakerChambers.org. 25 May 1952. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  37. ^ "Review – TIME (Books: Publican & Pharisee)". WhittakerChambers.org. 26 May 1952. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  38. ^ "Review – BBC". WhittakerChambers.org. 7 July 1953. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  39. ^ a b Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur (9 March 2013). "The Truest Believer". New York Times. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  40. ^ a b Chambers, Whittaker (1969). Odyssey of a Friend. New York: Putnam. p. 211 (bills), 249 (Koestler). 
  41. ^ "National Review". WhittakerChambers.org. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  42. ^ Burns, Jennifer (14 August 2012). "Atlas Spurned". New York Times. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  43. ^ Berliner, Michael (26 November 2007). "Whittaker Chambers’s Review of Ayn Rand’s Novel "Atlas Shrugged" in The National Review". Capitalism Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  44. ^ Bray, Hiawatha (27 August 2007). "BioShock lets users take on fanaticism through fantasy". Boston Globe. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  45. ^ "WilLiam F. Buckley Jr., living at full sail: Conservative writer, editor looks back on remarkable career". Washington Post. 8 August 2004. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  46. ^ Teachout, Terry (July 1986). "The Passion of Ayn Rand, by Barbara Branden [Review]". Commentary. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  47. ^ "Big Sister is Watching You". WhittakerChambers.org. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  48. ^ "Big Sister Is Watching You - Whittaker Chambers - National Review Online". Nationalreview.com. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  49. ^ Chambers, Whittaker (December 28, 1957). "Big Sister Is Watching You". National Review. Retrieved 2010-12-20. 
  50. ^ Chambers, Whittaker (1964). Cold Friday. New York: Random House. p. xii. 
  51. ^ "Chambers Is Dead; Hiss Case Witness; Whittaker Chambers, Hiss Accuser, Dies.". New York Times. July 11, 1961. Retrieved 2008-03-17. 
  52. ^ "Site in Hiss–Chambers Case Now a Landmark". New York Times. May 18, 1988. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  53. ^ "Witness and Friends: Remembering Whittaker Chambers on the centennial of his birth.". National Review. August 6, 2001 (republished online November 22, 2005). Retrieved 2008-06-20.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  54. ^ Kincaid, Cliff (2007). "Whittaker Chambers Library To Open". 
  55. ^ "Pipe Creek Farm". WhittakerChambers.org. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Whittaker Chambers remembered: Elena Maria Vidal interviews David Chambers - National Observer, No 84, 2011". Nationalobserver.net. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  57. ^ Maria, Elena (2011-04-28). "History’s Witness | The American Conservative". Amconmag.com. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 

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