Charitable giving to the poor, especially monetary gifts made as a specifically religious devotion
A shaded, arbor-covered outdoor walkway
A Turkish governor
Mixed together; a British past participle of "blend"
A fine lightweight cotton fabric, with a somewhat open weave. It was folded in the manner of a book when sold in quantity.
A candle made of wax
Fine white linen from Cambray in Flanders. The fabric of handkerchiefs.
A historical term for respiratory disease; the common cold
A tourist guide; a person who takes visitors to art galleries, museums, etc.
A light meal set out for a party, or a meal allowed on fasting days
A medicine or healing liquid applied to the eye
Convenient, spacious, comfortable, or easily adapted
A brilliant red-orange poppy
A man in charge of a dairy
A low raised platform or dais
The characteristic of being demanding, or requiring complete attention
Gladly or willingly
A large festival or party, usually put on by a community (school, church, village, etc.)
A bottle for liquor or wine
A flounce or trimming on a petticoat or a dress
Blustering or boasting
Attic or uppermost floor of a house
A young Frenchwoman of the working class; sometimes meant with a negative connotation of being grasping or mercenary.
An English gold coin not made since 1813. It was originally worth the value of twenty shillings (equalling one pound) but came to be worth a pound plus one shilling. Also, the color of this coin.
Happening on a weekly basis
Originally a primer (alphabet, numbers, and prayers) printed on one sheet of paper, covered with a translucent sheet of horn to make it visible but protected from soiling or tearing, and usually with an attached frame and handle for holding. Now the term is simply a euphemism for a textbook.
Firstly, or to begin
Small decorated bags used to carry cosmetics, jewelery, or handkerchiefs, used as handbags by women
A female concubine in a harem; an exotic or sexually attractive woman, often depicted in art
A small room for private devotion. A private chapel.
A French word meaning a boarding school.
Untrustworthy or treacherous
Must be so; necessarily
A historical idea that the love of one's children (or of children in general) was located in a certain part of the brain, and constituted a separate organ that could have various levels of development between people. This idea was still current in Bronte's time.
The pseudoscientific study of facial features as being indicative of character
Honesty and integrity
A historical term for tuberculosis
A meeting or encounter
The ability to know what to do in any situation; worldliness
Variant archaic spelling of "secrecy"
Obscured or clouded
The surrounding area or neighborhood
Turning, twisting, or wallowing
Villette Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for Villette is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Yes, in Chapters 14-16, the exact nature of Lucy's social status is explained. Brontë spells it out ("her degree was mine," in Chapter XVI). Though Mrs. Bretton dotes on and patronizes Lucy, their "degree" is equal. That...