Starkly defined classes in divided social system in India; one’s station in life is largely predetermined by the caste into which they are born.
The lowest caste, representing those living outside the religious system, making them unfit even for duties like preparing food or activities like entering temples.
Gloomy and intimating a sense of hopelessness.
Headdress fashioned from a cap around which long cloth is wound and worn primarily as a religious garment within certain religions.
Roving gangs in India feared for their indulgence in robbery and murder.
A writer; someone who records historical events.
One who studies under the tutelage of a master to become adept at a specific trade.
The practice of clearing one’s mind as a means of stimulating profound contemplation or introspection.
A military post that usually is home to barracks and may be fortified against attack.
A superstitious image of a devilish creature feeds on the corpses of soldiers killed on the battlefield.
Hindu god of destruction and regeneration.
Ardent, devoted followers of a leader.
Mournful and melancholic, wistful and filled with the sound of sorrow.
Ornamentally inscribed; artfully embellished.
The spiritual tenet found in Hinduism and Buddhism that deeds done in this life will determine the nature of one’s existence in the next .
The fortress that is the primary means of defense for a city.
A state of clarification and illumination of knowledge and understanding.
A ceremonial habit that becomes a predictable routine one often comes to believe is necessary for one reason for another.
A craftsperson who practices their trade by hand or with simple tools and a rejection of mass production concepts.
A form of negotiated payment by which one commodity is exchanged for another.
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