Film and TV
There have been over 50 movie and TV versions made. Some of the notable ones include:
- Treasure Island (1918), a silent version released by Fox Film Corporation and directed by Sidney Franklin
- Treasure Island (1920), a silent version starring Shirley Mason, released by Paramount Pictures and directed by Maurice Tourneur. Lost film.
- Treasure Island (1934), starring Jackie Cooper and Wallace Beery. An MGM production, the first sound film version.
- Treasure Island (1937), a loose Soviet adaptation starring Osip Abdulov and Nikolai Cherkasov, with a score by Nikita Bogoslovsky.
- Treasure Island (1950), starring Bobby Driscoll and Robert Newton. Notable for being the Walt Disney Studios' first completely live action film. The first version in color. A sequel to this version was made in 1954, entitled Long John Silver.
- Treasure Island (1971), a Soviet (Lithuanian) film starring Boris Andreyev, with a score by Alexei Rybnikov.
- Animal Treasure Island (1971), an anime film directed by Hiroshi Ikeda and written by Takeshi Iijima and Hiroshi Ikeda with story consultation by famous animator Hayao Miyazaki. This version replaced several of the human characters with animal counterparts.
- Treasure Island (1972), starring Orson Welles.
- Treasure Island (1982), a Soviet film in three parts; almost entirely faithful to the text of the novel. Featuring Oleg Borisov as Long John Silver.
- L'Île au trésor (1985), a Chilean-French adaptation starring Vic Tayback as Long John Silver.
- Il Pianeta Del Tesoro - Treasure Planet (1987), Italian/German science-fiction adaptation, also known as Treasure Island in Outer Space, starring Anthony Quinn as Long John Silver.
- Treasure Island (1988), a critically acclaimed Soviet animation film in two parts. Released in the USA (1992) as Return to Treasure Island.
- Treasure Island (1990), starring Christian Bale, Charlton Heston, Christopher Lee and Pete Postlethwaite. A made-for-TV film written, produced and directed by Heston's son, Fraser C. Heston.
- Treasure Island (1995), a made-for-TV movie directed by Ken Russell and starring Hetty Baynes as Long Jane Silver.
- Muppet Treasure Island (1996), a Jim Henson version released by Disney and starring the Muppets, including Kermit the Frog as Captain Smollett, Miss Piggy as a female Benjamin Gunn, appropriately named Benjamina Gunn, Fozzie Bear as Squire Trelawney, Dr. Bunsen Honeydew as Dr. Livesey, and Sam the Eagle as Mr. Samuel Arrow. The Great Gonzo and Rizzo the Rat, thanks to their success of narrating The Muppet Christmas Carol, have their own roles in the film as themselves, being best friends to Jim Hawkins. The human performers include Tim Curry as Long John Silver, Billy Connolly as Billy Bones, Jennifer Saunders as Mrs. Bluberidge, and newcomer Kevin Bishop as Jim Hawkins.
- Treasure Island (1999), starring Kevin Zegers and Jack Palance.
- Treasure Planet (2002), a Disney animated version set in space, with Long John Silver as a cyborg and many of the original characters re-imagined as aliens and robots, except for Jim and his mother, who are human.
- Pirates of Treasure Island (2006), a direct-to-DVD film by The Asylum, which was released one month before Dead Man's Chest.
- The Adventures of Long John Silver (1955), 26 episodes shot at Pagewood Studios, Sydney, Australia filmed in full colour and starring Robert Newton.
- Mr. Magoo's Treasure Island (1964), a two-part episode of the cartoon series The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo, was based on the novel, with Mr. Magoo in the role of Long John Silver.
- Die Schatzinsel (1966), a German-French co-production for German television station ZDF.
- Treasure Island (1968), a BBC series of nine 25-minute episodes starring Peter Vaughn.
- Treasure Island (1977), a BBC adaptation Starring Ashley Knight and Alfred Burke.
- Treasure Island (Takarajima) (1978), a Japanese animated series adapted from the novel.
- Treasure Island (1988), an episode of Alvin and the Chipmunks starring Alvin as Jim Hawkins, Dave as Long John Silver, Simon as Dr. Livesey, Theodore as Squire Trelawney, and Brittany as Mrs. Hawkins.
- The Legends of Treasure Island (1993), an animated series loosely based on the novel, with the characters as animals.
- In the Wishbone episode "Salty Dog", Wishbone explores the story in a children's adapted version.
- Treasure Island (2012), two-part mini-series shown on Sky1 (United Kingdom) from 1–2 January.
- Black Sails (2014), a prequel drama series that premiered in 2014 on Starz (United States of America).
A number of Return to Treasure Island sequels have been produced, including a 1986 Disney mini-series, a 1992 animation version, and a 1996 and 1998 TV version.
Theatre and radio
There have been over 24 major stage and radio adaptations made. The number of minor adaptations remains countless.
- Orson Welles broadcast a radio adaptation via The Mercury Theatre on the Air on July 1938; half in England, half on the Island; omits "My Sea Adventure"; music by Bernard Herrmann; Available online.
- In 1947, a production was mounted at the St. James's Theatre in London, starring Harry Welchman as Long John Silver and John Clark as Jim Hawkins.
- For a time, in London there was an annual production at the Mermaid Theatre, originally under the direction of Bernard Miles, who played Long John Silver, a part he also played in a television version. Comedian Spike Milligan would often play Ben Gunn in these productions, and in 1981 Tom Baker played Long John Silver.
- Pieces of Eight, a musical adaptation by Jule Styne, premiered in Edmonton, Alberta, in 1985.
- The Henegar Center for the Arts in downtown historic Melbourne, Florida ran an adaptation in August 2009.
- The story is also a popular plot and setting for a traditional pantomime where Mrs. Hawkins, Jim's mother is the dame.
- On 18 February 2011, a play adaptation by Richard Rose opened at Barter Theatre in Abingdon, Virginia.
- In 2011, Tom Hewitt starred in B.H. Barry and Vernon Morris’s stage adaptation of the novel, which officially opened 5 March at the Irondale Center in Brooklyn.
- In July 2011, Bristol Old Vic staged a large-scale outdoor production of Treasure Island outside the theatre on King Street, Bristol directed by Sally Cookson, with music by Benji Bower.
- In late 2012 Big Finish Productions announced that they were producing an audio-book adaption of Treasure Island, written and directed by Barnaby Edwards and starring Tom Baker as Long John Silver, Nicholas Farrell as the Narrator and Edward Holtom as the story's main protagonist, Jim Hawkins. The audio-book is scheduled for release in March 2013.
- From October 2013 to 2014 Mind the Gap Theatre Company, the UK's leading theatre company working with actors with learning disabilities embarks on a national tour of Treasure Island, retold with a twist by Olivier award-winning writer Mike Kenny.
- In 2013, YouthPlays published Long Joan Silver by Arthur M. Jolly, an adaptation where all of the pirates are women.
- A new version by Bryony Lavery and directed by Polly Findlay was produced at London's Royal National Theatre from December 2014 to April 2015. In this version of the play Jim is a girl.
- Charles Sheffield's 1993 novel Godspeed was a science-fictional retelling of Treasure Island, recasting the search for pirate treasure as the search for lost faster-than-light drive technology.
- The Ben Gunn Society album released in 2003 presents the story centered around the character of Ben Gunn, based primarily on Chapter XV "Man of the Island" and other relevant parts of the book.
- Treasure Island song from Running Wild's album named Pile of Skulls (1992). This song tells the novel's story.
- The Goo Goo Dolls frontman John Rzeznik performed the songs "I'm Still Here (Jim's Theme)" and "Always Know Where You Are" for Disney's animated film Treasure Planet.
- Skull & Bones' album The Cursed Island (2014) is based on Treasure Island.
A computer game based loosely on the novel was issued by Commodore in the mid-1980s for the Plus/4 home computer, written by Greg Duddley. A graphical adventure game, the player takes the part of Jim Hawkins travelling around the island dispatching pirates with cutlasses before getting the treasure and being chased back to the ship by Long John Silver.
A game based on the book is also available for the ZX Spectrum. It was released in 1984 by Mr. Micro Ltd.
In 1985 another adventure game was named Treasure Island and based upon the novel. It was published by Windham Classics.
Disney has released various video games based on the animated film Treasure Planet, including Treasure Planet: Battle at Procyon.
Treasure Island (2010) is a hidden objects game launched by French publisher Anuman Interactive.