in things fall apart
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Most of the crimes have to do with "white man's law" being broken. The murder of a white man could lead to a village being destroyed. The theme of justice is one of the preoccupations of the novel. Throughout the book, we have seen Igbo justice in action. Igbo laws and traditions preserve order. Justice is impossible under the new system. The DC is completely ignorant of local ways, and he has no intention of learning about them; the different ideas of justice ensure conflict.
The corruption of the system is also clear. The DC does not even speak the local language, giving the kotma ample room for trickery.
Okonkwo is humiliated and "choked with hate" for the white man. The DC arrogantly speaks of the need for "good government" and "justice" under the reign of the queen. He is speaking to the Igbo like subjects of the Empire; little by little, that is what they have become.