The Wealth of Nations

Notes

  1. ^ See Smith, Adam (1776). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 1 (1 ed.). London: W. Strahan. Retrieved 2012-12-07. , volume 2 via Google Books
  2. ^ See Smith, Adam (1778). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 1 (2 ed.). London: W. Strahan; T.Cadell. Retrieved 10 March 2015. ; Smith, Adam (1778). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 2 (2 ed.). London: W. Strahan; T.Cadell. Retrieved 10 March 2015.  via Google Books
  3. ^ See Smith, Adam (1789). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 1 (5 ed.). London: A. Strahan; T.Cadell. Retrieved 9 March 2015. ; Smith, Adam (1789). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 2 (5 ed.). London: A. Strahan; T.Cadell. Retrieved 9 March 2015. ; Smith, Adam (1789). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 3 (5 ed.). London: A. Strahan; T.Cadell. Retrieved 9 March 2015.  via Google Books
  4. ^ An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd., ed. Edwin Cannan, 1904. Fifth edition.
  5. ^ The Wealth of Nations: A Translation into Modern English, ISR/Google Books, page 5
  6. ^ The Wealth of Nations: A Translation into Modern English, ISR/Google Books, page 10
  7. ^ Ricardo, D., [1817], Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, vol. i, p. 6, in: Sraffa (ed.), 1951, The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, 10 vol. (1951– 55), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  8. ^ a b Smith, A., 1976, The Wealth of Nations edited by R.H. Campbell and A.S. Skinner, The Glasgow edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, vol. 2b, pp. 47.
  9. ^ Ricardo, D., [1817], Principles, vol. i, p. 13, idem.
  10. ^ Ricardo, D., [1817], Principles”, vol. i, p. 13-4, idem.
  11. ^ Smith (1776) Book I, Chapter 7, para 9
  12. ^ Smith (1776) Book I, Chapter 7, para 26
  13. ^ Wealth of Nations, Book I. Chap. viii
  14. ^ Smith (1776) I, 8, para 39
  15. ^ Smith (1776) I, 8, para 37.
  16. ^ Smith (1776) Book I, Chapter 10, para 82
  17. ^ Smith (1776) II, 1, paras 1-2.
  18. ^ Basu, Kaushik (2010). Beyond the Invisible Hand: Groundwork for a New Economics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1-4008-3627-7. 
  19. ^ Bartlett, Bruce (24 January 2001). "Adam Smith On Taxes". National Center for Policy Analysis. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  20. ^ Reich, Robert B. (26 April 1987). "Do Americans Still Believe In Sharing The Burden?". The Washington Post. p. d.01. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  21. ^ Stein, Herbert (6 April 1994). "Board of Contributors: Remembering Adam Smith". Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition)
  22. ^ Smith (1776) V, 1, para 178
  23. ^ R. Conteras, "How the Concept of Development Got Started" University of Iowa Center for International Finance and Development E-Book [1]
  24. ^ Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature And Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Book V, Chapter 2, Article I: Taxes upon the Rent of House.[2]
  25. ^ Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature And Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Book V, Chapter 2, Article IV: Capitation Taxes.[3]
  26. ^ Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature And Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Book V, Chapter 2, Article IV: Consumable commodities are either necessaries or luxuries.[4]
  27. ^ Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature And Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). Book V, Chapter 3, Article III: Of Public Debts.[5]
  28. ^ John Rae, Life of Adam Smith (London: Macmillan & Co., 1895), p. 285.
  29. ^ Rae, pp. 285–286.
  30. ^ Rae, p. 287.
  31. ^ Rae, p. 286.
  32. ^ Rae, p. 294.
  33. ^ a b Rae, p. 290.
  34. ^ a b Rae, p. 289.
  35. ^ L. G. Mitchell, Charles James Fox (Penguin, 1997), p. 185.
  36. ^ The Times (3 August 1787), p. 2.
  37. ^ Thomas Paine, Rights of Man, Common Sense, and Other Political Writings (Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 126.
  38. ^ John Ehrman, The Younger Pitt. The Years of Acclaim (London: Constable, 1969), p. 267, n. 1.
  39. ^ Rae, p. 291.
  40. ^ John Ehrman, The Younger Pitt. The Consuming Struggle (London: Constable, 1996), p. 12.
  41. ^ The Times (24 December 1798), p. 4.
  42. ^ a b The Times (6 December 1800), p. 2.
  43. ^ J. J. Sack, From Jacobite to Conservative. Reaction and orthodoxy in Britain, c. 1760–1832 (Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 182.
  44. ^ The Times (25 October 1803), p. 2.
  45. ^ The Times (8 February 1810), p. 2.
  46. ^ The Times (17 September 1821), p. 2.
  47. ^ William Cobbett, Rural Rides (Penguin, 2001), p. 335.
  48. ^ William D. Grampp, The Manchester School of Economics (London: Oxford University Press, 1960), p. 103.
  49. ^ John Bright and J. E. Thorold Rogers (eds.), Speeches on Questions of Public Policy by Richard Cobden, M.P. Volume I (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1908), p. 45.
  50. ^ Bright and Thorold Rogers, Volume I, p. 92.
  51. ^ Bright and Thorold Rogers, Volume I, pp. 104–105.
  52. ^ John Bright and J. E. Thorold Rogers (eds.), Speeches on Questions of Public Policy by Richard Cobden, M.P. Volume II (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1908), pp. 399–400.
  53. ^ Wendy Hinde, Richard Cobden. A Victorian Outsider (Yale University Press, 1987), p. 204.
  54. ^ Bright and Thorold Rogers, Volume II, p. 406.
  55. ^ Donald Read, Cobden and Bright. A Victorian Political Partnership (Edward Arnold, 1967), p. 189.
  56. ^ Bright and Thorold Rogers, Volume II, p. 493.
  57. ^ H. C. G. Matthew, Gladstone. 1875–1898 (Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 20.
  58. ^ G. E. Fasnacht, Acton's Political Philosophy. An Analysis (London: Hollis and Carter, 1952), p. 145.
  59. ^ Fasnacht, p. 241.
  60. ^ James Madison, Writings (The Library of America, 1999), p. 481.
  61. ^ Thomas Jefferson, Writings (The Library of America, 1984), p. 1176.
  62. ^ Cannan, Edwin (ed.), 1937, p. xxxix, Editor’s Introduction, pp. xxxviii–xli to: Adam Smith, "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations", N. Y.: Random House.
  63. ^ "The learned will at once discern how much ... is taken from the writings of others, from Cicero and Aristotle, and to name no other moderns, from Puffendorf’s ... de officio hominis et civis" (Hutcheson, F., 1787, "A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy", Dublin: McKenzie, p. vii.). In "System" (1755) Hutcheson’s begins stating: "The intention of moral philosophy is to direct men to that course of action which tends most effectually to promote their greatest happiness and perfection." (Hutcheson, F., 1755, "A system of moral philosophy", Glasgow: Foulis). And in "Inquiry" Hutcheson (1729, 180) explains: "That action is best, which procures the greatest Happiness for the greatest Numbers" (Hutcheson, F., 1729, "An inquiry into the original of our ideas of beauty and virtue", London).
  64. ^ Smith, A., 1976, The Wealth of Nations edited by R.H. Campbell and A.S. Skinner, The Glasgow edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, vol. 2a, p. 10.
  65. ^ Ricardo, D., [1817], Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, vol. i, p. 278, in: Sraffa (ed.), 1951, The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, 10 vol. (1951– 55), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  66. ^ neoclassical texts refer to the invisible hand although Smith speaks of an invisible hand; Smith earlier references to “an invisible hand” have each time a different meaning
  67. ^ Smith, A., 1976, The Wealth of Nations edited by R.H. Campbell and A.S. Skinner, The Glasgow edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, vol. 2a, p. 456.
  68. ^ George J. Stigler (1976). "The Successes and Failures of Professor Smith," Journal of Political Economy, 84(6), p. 1202 (pp. 1199–1213). Also published as Selected Papers, No. 50 (PDF), Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
  69. ^ George J. Stigler, 1951. "The Division of Labor Is Limited by the Extent of the Market." Journal of Political Economy, 59(3), pp. 185, 193. Reprinted in J.M. Buchanan and Y.J. Yoon, ed., 1994, The Return to Increasing Returns, pp. 47, 58.
  70. ^ Paul A. Samuelson (1977). "A Modern Theorist's Vindication of Adam Smith," American Economic Review, 67(1), p p. 42. Reprinted in J.C. Wood, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Assessments, pp. 498–509. Preview.
  71. ^ Smith (1776). Bk. V: Of the Revenue of the Sovereign or Commonwealth, ch. 3 Of Public Debts, para. 92.
  72. ^ R. H. Coase (1977). "The Wealth of Nations," Economic Inquiry 15(3), pp. 323–25 (309–325). Press + button or Ctrl+.
  73. ^ Mark Blaug (1997). Economic Theory in Retrospect, 5th ed., in ch. 2, sect. 19, "Adam Smith as an Economist, pp. 59–62.
  74. ^ Rothbard, Murray, The Adam Smith Myth, LewRockwell.com
  75. ^ Graeber, David (2010). Debt: the first 5,000 years. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House. ISBN 9781933633862. 
  76. ^ a b Johnson, David V. (February 15, 2012). "What We Owe to Each Other An Interview with David Graeber, Part 1". Boston Review. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 

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