The Sun Also Rises

Notes

  1. ^ The Torrents of Spring has little scholarly criticism as it is considered to be of less importance than Hemingway's subsequent work. See Oliver (1999), 330
  2. ^ Hemingway may have used the term as an early title for the novel, according to biographer James Mellow. The term originated from a remark in French made to Gertrude Stein by the owner of a garage, speaking of those who went to war: "C'est une génération perdue" (literally, "they are a lost generation"). See Mellow (1992), 309
  3. ^ Hemingway wrote a fragment of an unpublished sequel in which he has Jake and Brett meeting in the Dingo Bar in Paris. With Brett is Mike Campbell. See Daiker (2009), 85
  4. ^ "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."

References

  1. ^ a b c Leff (1999), 51
  2. ^ Meyers (1985), 192
  3. ^ Wagner-Martin (1990), 1
  4. ^ a b Baker (1972), 82
  5. ^ Meyers (1985), 98–99
  6. ^ Meyers (1985), 117–119
  7. ^ a b Balassi (1990), 128
  8. ^ a b Nagel (1996), 89
  9. ^ Meyers (1985), 189
  10. ^ Balassi (1990), 132, 142, 146
  11. ^ Reynolds (1989), vi–vii
  12. ^ Meyers (1985), 172
  13. ^ Baker (1972), 44
  14. ^ Mellow (1992), 338–340
  15. ^ Mellow (1992), 317–321
  16. ^ Baker (1972), 76, 30–34
  17. ^ Oliver (1999), 318
  18. ^ qtd. in Leff (1999), 51
  19. ^ a b c Mellow (1992), 334–336
  20. ^ Leff (1999), 75
  21. ^ White (1969), iv
  22. ^ Reynolds (1999), 154
  23. ^ McDowell, Edwin, "Hemingway's Status Revives Among Scholars and Readers". The New York Times (July 26, 1983). Retrieved 27 February 2011
  24. ^ "Books at Random House". Random House. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  25. ^ "Hemingway books coming out in audio editions" MSNBC.com (February 15, 2006). Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  26. ^ Reynolds (1990), 48–49
  27. ^ Oliver (1999), 316–318
  28. ^ Meyers (1985), 191
  29. ^ Ecclesiastes 1:3–5, King James Version
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h Wagner-Martin (1990), 6–9
  31. ^ Reynolds (1990), 62–63
  32. ^ Reynolds (1990), 45–50
  33. ^ Reynolds (1990), 60–63
  34. ^ Reynolds (1990), 58–59
  35. ^ a b Nagel (1996), 94–96
  36. ^ Daiker (2009), 74
  37. ^ Nagel (1996), 99–103
  38. ^ Meyers (1985), 190
  39. ^ Fore (2007), 80
  40. ^ a b c Fiedler (1975), 345–365
  41. ^ Baym (1990), 112
  42. ^ qtd. in Reynolds (1990), 60
  43. ^ Daiker (2009), 80
  44. ^ Donaldson (2002), 82
  45. ^ Daiker (2009), 83
  46. ^ a b Balassi (1990), 144–146
  47. ^ Reynolds (1989), 323–324
  48. ^ a b qtd. in Balassi (1990), 127
  49. ^ Müller (2010), 31–32
  50. ^ a b Kinnamon (2002), 128
  51. ^ Josephs (1987), 158
  52. ^ a b Stoltzfus (2005), 215–218
  53. ^ Reynolds (1989), 320
  54. ^ Josephs (1987), 163
  55. ^ Bloom (2007), 31
  56. ^ Djos (1995), 65–68
  57. ^ Balassi (1990), 145
  58. ^ Reynolds (1990), 56–57
  59. ^ Elliot (1995), 80–82
  60. ^ Elliot (1995), 86–88
  61. ^ Elliot (1995), 87
  62. ^ Mellow (1992), 312
  63. ^ Davidson (1990), 97
  64. ^ Fore (2007), 75
  65. ^ Hemingway (2006 ed), 214
  66. ^ a b Oliver (1999), 270
  67. ^ Beegel (1996), 288
  68. ^ Knopf (1987), 68–69
  69. ^ Reynolds (1989), 297
  70. ^ a b Wagner-Martin (1990), 2–4
  71. ^ Meyers (1985), 70–74
  72. ^ Hallengren, Anders. "A Case of Identity: Ernest Hemingway", Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  73. ^ Wagner-Martin (2002), 7
  74. ^ Wagner-Martin (1990), 11–12
  75. ^ Hemingway (2006 ed), 221
  76. ^ qtd. in Balassi (1990), 138
  77. ^ Balassi (1990), 138
  78. ^ Baker (1987), 11
  79. ^ Mellow (1992), 303
  80. ^ Svoboda (1983), 9
  81. ^ Benson (1989), 351
  82. ^ Oliver (1999), 321–322
  83. ^ qtd. in Oliver (1999), 322
  84. ^ Balassi (1990), 136
  85. ^ Balassi (1990), 125, 136, 139–141
  86. ^ Balassi (1990), 150; Svoboda (1983), 44
  87. ^ "Star style and rules for writing". The Kansas City Star. KansasCity.com. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  88. ^ Aldridge (1990), 126
  89. ^ Berman (2011), 59
  90. ^ Bloom (1987), 7–8
  91. ^ Trodd (2007), 8
  92. ^ Mellow (1992), 311
  93. ^ Berman (2011), 52
  94. ^ a b Berman (2011), 55
  95. ^ Wagner-Martin (1990), 1, 15; Reynolds (1990), 46
  96. ^ Mellow (1992), 302
  97. ^ Wagner-Martin (2002), 4–5
  98. ^ "The Sun Also Rises". (October 31, 1926) The New York Times. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  99. ^ a b Wagner-Martin (2002), 1–2
  100. ^ qtd. in Wagner-Martin (1990), 1
  101. ^ qtd. in Reynolds (1998), 53
  102. ^ Leff (1999), 63
  103. ^ Reynolds (1990), 43
  104. ^ Reynolds (1990), 53–55
  105. ^ Bloom (2007), 28; Beegel (1996), 282
  106. ^ Beegel (1996), 281
  107. ^ Aldridge (1990), 122–123
  108. ^ Bloom (1987), 5–6
  109. ^ Nagel (1996), 87
  110. ^ Leff (1999), 64
  111. ^ Leff (1999), 156
  112. ^ Reynolds (1999), 293
  113. ^ Palin, Michael. "Lifelong Aficionado" and "San Fermín Festival". in Michael Palin's Hemingway Adventure. PBS.org. Retrieved 23 May 2011.

Sources

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