Hoàng Ấu Phương, pen name Bảo Ninh (Nghệ An, 18 October 1952) is a Vietnamese novelist, essayist and writer of short stories, best known for his first novel, published in English as The Sorrow of War.
During the Vietnam War, he served in the Glorious 27th Youth Brigade. Of the five hundred who went to war with the brigade in 1969, he is one of ten who survived.
In 1987 Bao Ninh published Trại bảy chú lùn (Camp of Seven Dwarves), a collection of short stories. He has also written a second novel, Steppe, but is said to be reluctant to publish it.
A short story by Bảo Ninh, "A Marker on the Side of the Boat" (Khắc dấu mạn thuyền), translated by Linh Dinh, is included in the anthology Night, Again.
Bao Ninh is also a successful essayist.