The Origin of Species

Notes

  1. ^ Darwin 1859, p. iii
  2. ^ a b c d e f Freeman 1977
  3. ^ Van Wyhe, John, ed. "Darwin Online: On the Origin of Species," 2002. The 6th is Darwin's final edition, there were minor modifications in the text of certain subsequent issues.
  4. ^ "Darwin Manuscripts (Digitised notes on Origin)". http://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk. Cambridge Digital Library. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  5. ^ Mayr 1982, pp. 479–480
  6. ^ Darwin 1872, p. xiii
  7. ^ Aristotle, Physics, translated by Hardie, R. P. and Gayle, R. K. and hosted by MIT's Internet Classics Archive, retrieved 23 April 2009 
  8. ^ Forster & Marston 1999, pp. 26–27
  9. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 27, 43, 45
  10. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 27–36, 39–42, 57–62, 67, 70, 77–80
  11. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 84–90
  12. ^ Desmond 1989, pp. 47–54
  13. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 111–114
  14. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 91, 129
  15. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 115–117
  16. ^ Desmond & Moore 1991, pp. 34–35
  17. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 80–88
  18. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 148–149
  19. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 133–140
  20. ^ Larson 2004, pp. 56–62
  21. ^ Darwin 1845, pp. 205–208
  22. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 244–250
  23. ^ Keynes 2000, pp. xix–xx
  24. ^ Eldredge 2006
  25. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 24–25
  26. ^ Herbert 1980, pp. 7–10
  27. ^ van Wyhe 2008, p. 44
  28. ^ Darwin's Notebook B: Transmutation of species. pp. 1–13, 26, 36, 74, retrieved 16 March 2009 
  29. ^ Desmond & Moore 1991, pp. 240–244
  30. ^ a b van Wyhe 2009
  31. ^ Larson 2004, pp. 66–70
  32. ^ Darwin's Notebook D: Transmutation of species. pp. 134–135, retrieved 8 April 2009 
  33. ^ Darwin's Notebook E: Transmutation of species. p. 75, retrieved 14 March 2009 
  34. ^ Darwin 1958, p. 120
  35. ^ a b van Wyhe 2007, pp. 186–187
  36. ^ Browne 1995, p. 436
  37. ^ Desmond & Moore 1991, p. 292
  38. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 436–437
  39. ^ van Wyhe 2007, p. 188
  40. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – Letter 814—Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., (7 January 1845), retrieved 24 November 2008 
  41. ^ Browne 1995, pp. 461–465
  42. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 135–140
  43. ^ a b Bowler 2003, pp. 169–173
  44. ^ Darwin 1958, pp. 117–121
  45. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 138–142
  46. ^ Wallace, Alfred R. (1855), "On the law which has regulated the introduction of new species", Annals and Magazine of Natural History 16 (93): 184–196, doi:10.1080/037454809495509 
  47. ^ a b Quammen 2006, pp. 135–158
  48. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – Letter 2285—Darwin to Lyell (June 1858), retrieved 15 March 2008 
  49. ^ Larson 2004, pp. 74–75
  50. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 162–163
  51. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 175–176
  52. ^ Bowler 2013, pp. 61–63
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  54. ^ Darwin 2006, pp. 36 verso
  55. ^ "Letter 2432 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 15 March (1859)". Darwin Correspondence Project. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  56. ^ "Letter 2437 — Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 28 March (1859)". Darwin Correspondence Project. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  57. ^ "Letter 2441 — Darwin, C. R. to Murray, John (b), 31 March (1859)". Darwin Correspondence Project. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  58. ^ "Letter 2443 — Murray, John (b) to Darwin, C. R., 1 April 1859". Darwin Correspondence Project. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  59. ^ "Charles Darwin and his publisher". Darwin Correspondence Project. 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  60. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 15
  61. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 84–92
  62. ^ van Wyhe 2007
  63. ^ * Dupree, A. Hunter (1988). Asa Gray, American Botanist, Friend of Darwin. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-801-83741-8. 
  64. ^ Browne 2002, p. 89
  65. ^ Darwin 1958, p. 122
  66. ^ a b c Browne 2002, pp. 95–96
  67. ^ Darwin 1861, p. xiii
  68. ^ "This survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, is that which Mr. Darwin has called 'natural selection', or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life." Spencer 1864, pp. 444–445
  69. ^ a b Mivart 1871
  70. ^ Browne 2002, p. 59
  71. ^ Freeman 1977, pp. 79–80. "Evolution" in the transformist sense had been used by Charles Lyell in 1832, Principles of Geology vol 2, p. 11; and was used by Darwin in The Descent of Man in 1871, p. 2 onwards.
  72. ^ a b Desmond & Moore 1991, pp. 577, 582, 590, 592–593
  73. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – Letter 2592—Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 21 December (1859), retrieved 6 December 2008 
  74. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – Letter 2665—Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 28 January (1860), retrieved 6 December 2008 
  75. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – Letter 2706—Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 20 February 1860, retrieved 6 December 2008 
  76. ^ Desmond & Moore 1991, p. 492
  77. ^ a b c Browne 2002, pp. 256–259
  78. ^ a b Browne 2002, pp. 140–142
  79. ^ a b Darwin Correspondence Project – The correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 10: 1862, retrieved 6 March 2009 
  80. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project – The correspondence of Charles Darwin, volume 14: 1866, retrieved 6 March 2009 
  81. ^ a b Browne 2002, pp. 142–144
  82. ^ Ch. Darwin, Het ontstaan der soorten van dieren en planten door middel van de natuurkeus of het bewaard blijven van bevoorregte rassen in de strijd des levens, transl. by T.C. Winkler (Haarlem 1860) Source: Teyler, Winkler, Darwin Lecture by Marijn van Hoorn MA at the Congress of the European Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Group, Prague, 23 April 2009
  83. ^ "Freeman Bibliographic Database". 
  84. ^ Freeman 1977, pp. 101–111
  85. ^ Darwin 1859, p. ii.
  86. ^ Phipps 1983
  87. ^ Secord 2000, p. 510
  88. ^ van Wyhe 2007, p. 197
  89. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 1.
  90. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 5.
  91. ^ Darwin & Costa 2009, p. 1
  92. ^ Darwin 1861, p. xiii.
  93. ^ Darwin 1866, p. xiv-xv.
  94. ^ Darwin & Costa 2009, p. 7
  95. ^ a b Quammen 2006, pp. 184–186
  96. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 20–28
  97. ^ a b David Reznick (2009) The Origin Then and Now, Princeton University Press, p.49.
  98. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 44–59 Chap. II.
  99. ^ Darwin & Costa 2009, p. 44
  100. ^ a b Darwin 1859, pp. 60–61 Chap. III
  101. ^ Darwin 1869, pp. 72
  102. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 62–76
  103. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 80
  104. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 112
  105. ^ Quammen 2006, p. 189
  106. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 87–101
  107. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 117–130.
  108. ^ Larson 2004, p. 85
  109. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 13
  110. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 134.
  111. ^ Larson 2004, pp. 86–87
  112. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 131–150
  113. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 159–167
  114. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 159–167
  115. ^ Richard Dawkins (8 February 2003). "An early flowering of genetics, Books". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 24 October 2010. 
  116. ^ Bowler 2003, pp. 200–201
  117. ^ Bowler 1989
  118. ^ McBride, P. D., Gillman, L. N., & Wright, S. D. (2009). Current debates on the origin of species. Journal Of Biological Education (Society Of Biology), 43(3), 104-107.
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  120. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 171–178
  121. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. page 172
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  123. ^ Michod, Richard E. (1995). Eros and evolution: a natural philosophy of sex. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. ISBN 0-201-44232-9. 
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  125. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 180–181
  126. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 187–190
  127. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 243–244
  128. ^ Darwin 1859, pp. 245–278
  129. ^ Darwin 1872, pp. 168–205
  130. ^ a b c Bowler 2003, p. 182
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  134. ^ Schopf 2000
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  141. ^ Darwin 1859, p. 420
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  198. ^ Moore 2006
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  213. ^ Darwin & Costa 2009, p. x
  214. ^ Peckham 1959, recently reprinted.
  215. ^ Quammen 2006, pp. 179, 271–283
  216. ^ The ISTC of On the Origin of Species is A02-2009-00000001-4. As a tribute to its influence, this work has been the first one to be registered by The International ISTC Agency.
  217. ^ Darwin 200: Celebrating Charles Darwin's bicentenary – What is Darwin200?, The Natural History Museum, archived from the original on 28 February 2009, retrieved 23 April 2009 

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