In Book 23
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Odysseus returns home to his wife Penelope and their son after being away fighting and being shipwrecked to find a host of suitors all wanting to marry Penelope. So Odysseus dressed as a beggar and hung around the suitors so that he could see if anything naughty was taking place with anyone of them and Penelope,which of course there wasn't. Still Odysseus killed all of the suitors before declaring his presence to Penelope. This would not go over so well today but I suppose back then killing potential rivals was considered manly.
Penelope had a right to be suspious of if it really was Odysseus (Ody) since so many beggars had come and told her untrue stories of the whereabouts of the real Ody. testing to see if he was the real Ody was a great idea because if it was him then testing him wouldn't do any harm; only confirm the fact that he was the real Ody.