in what ways does the role of the gods in part two reflect the characteristics of an epic
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Since epics are, by definition, a long narrative tale about the adventures of a hero, we must consider that this story is the story of the hero Odysseus on his journey to get home from the Trojan War. He had been gone for ten years and took ten more years to get home. Without specific reference to which books are in "Part 2" in your text (The Odyssey is actually written in Books, not parts), it is difficult to say which gods you are referring to. However, we know that Poseidon is angry with Odysseus because he blinded the Cyclops, Polyphemus, who was Poseidon's son. We know that Odysseus stayed with the Calypso, a goddesslike being, for seven years. We know that ultimately the gods agree to let Odysseus go home and we know that Athena, who favors Odysseus, helps disguise him when he meets the suitors and has to kill them all for trying to steal his home and his wife. The gods, because they were so much a part of Greek life, have to be in every story (especially the primary epics such as The Odyssey) because they were a part of everyday Greek life.