The story of Nikolai Gogol's "The Nose" is one of the most famous works of the writer. This absurdist novel was written in 1832-1833 years. Initially, "The Moscow Observer" magazine refused to print this work, and the author decided to publish it in the "Contemporary" magazine. Gogol had heard in his address a lot of fierce criticism, so the story several times been subjected to significant changes.
The story "The Nose" consists of three parts and tells of an unlikely event that occurred with the collegiate assessor Kovalev. "The Nose" begins with the fact that one morning Petersburg barber discovers in his bread the nose, and then realizes that the nose belongs to his client - Major Kovalev. All subsequent time the barber is trying in any way to get rid of the nose, but he always drops his unfortunate nose and everyone constantly tells him that. The barber was able to get rid of it only when has thrown it into the Neva.
Meanwhile, awaken Kovalev discovers the loss of his own nose, and somehow covering his face, goes looking for it. Gogol shows us how hard a collegiate assessor is looking for a nose around the city of St. Petersburg, and his feverish thoughts about how terrible it is to be in such a position and not be able to appear in front of people. And when Kovalev finally meets his nose, it simply does not pay attention to him, and on major’s requests to return to its place have no influence on the nose.
The protagonist tries to submit the advertisement about the disappearance of the nose in the newspaper, but he has been denied due to the fact that such a fantastic situation may harm the reputation of the newspaper. Kovalev even sends accusations o his acquaintance lady Podtochina that she stole his nose in retaliation for his refusal to marry her daughter. In the end, police inspector leads the nose to its owner, and tells what work he has done catching the nose, which was going to go to Riga. After protagonist tries to fasten the nose in its place, but it does not work. Then Kovalev falls into terrible despair, he realizes that life is now meaningless, since without a nose he is nobody.
It is absurd and fantastic of the story that has caused such abundant criticism. But it should be understood that this story has a double meaning, and Gogol's idea is much deeper and more instructive than it seems at first glance. It is thanks to this incredible story Gogol manages to draw attention to an important topic at that time - the human position in society, the status and relationship to the person depending on it. From the story it becomes clear that collegiate assessor Kovalyov, who for more importance called himself the major, has dedicated his entire life to career and social status, he had no other expectations and priorities.
Kovalev lost his nose - which seemingly cannot be lost without any apparent reason - and now he cannot appear in a decent place in a secular society, at work or in any other official institution. And with the nose he cannot reach agreement, the nose pretends not to understand, what his master is talking about and ignores him. With this fantastic story Gogol wishes to emphasize the shortcomings of contemporary society, the shortcomings of thinking and consciousness of the social stratum to which collegiate assessor Kovalev belonged.