Why do you think Kafka chose not to provide any clear explanation for Gregor's metamorphosis?
It may not be clear to students why Kafka leaves the reason for Gregor's metamorphosis so ambiguous. Support their confusion and encourage their speculation, while guiding them to consider how Kafka's choice contributes to the broader themes of the story as well as its aesthetic.
Discuss the final sentence of the novel. How would you describe the tone of Kafka's ending? Is it hopeful, or dark?
Students should report their impressions of the novel's conclusion, and may return to the passage in question to re-read it closely. Kafka leaves the reader with the...
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