- ^ Mike Baker (AP), "1898 Race Clash Ruled a Coup", Washington Post, May 31, 2006, accessed August 23, 2012
- ^ McElrath, Joesph R., Jr. "W. D. Howells and Race: Charles W. Chesnutt's Disappointment of the Dean". Nineteenth-Century Literature. Vol. 51, No. 4 (Mar., 1997): 498.
- ^ Gordon Fraser. "Circulation and Resistance: The Marrow of Tradition and the 1900 New Orleans Race Riot." J19: The Journal of Nineteenth-Century Americanists 1.2 (2013): 363-385. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/the_journal_of_nineteenth_century_americanists/v001/1.2.fraser.html
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