"The Little Prince" was written in 1943, and the tragedy of Europe in the Second World War, the writer’s memories of the defeated, occupied France leave their mark on the work. With his light, sad and wise tale Exupery defended undying humanity, the living spark in people's souls. In some sense the story was the result of the writer’s creative ways, its philosophical and artistic comprehension.
"The Little Prince" is primarily a philosophical tale. And, therefore, beyond an easy and simple plot and irony deep meaning is hidden. The author touches in it abstract forms through parables, metaphors and symbols of cosmic scale: good and evil, life and death, the human being, the true love of beauty, friendship, infinite loneliness, the relationship of the individual and the crowd, and many other.
Despite the fact that little prince is still a baby, he sees the true vision of the world, inaccessible even to an adult. And people with deadened souls, whom the main character meets on his way, are much worse than the fabulous monsters. Relations between the Prince and the Rose are more complex than the relationship of princes and princesses in the folk tales.
Strong romantic traditions are present in here. Firstly, it is the choice of the genre - tale. The fact that "The Little Prince" is a fairy tale, we define by available fabulous features: a fantastic journey of the hero, fairy-tale characters (Fox, Snake, Rose). Romantics turn to the genre of folklore not accidentally. Folklore is a childhood of humanity, and the childhood theme in Romanticism is one of the key themes.
Saint-Exupery shows that a person starts to live only for the sake of the material values, forgetting the spiritual aspirations. Only the child's soul and the soul of an artist is not subject to mercantile interests and, therefore, to evil. Hence in the works of the Romantics childhood theme could be traced.
But the real tragedy of Saint-Exupery’s "adult" characters is not so much that they are subject to the material world, but in the fact that they "have lost" all spiritual qualities and became meanly existing, and not living in the fullest sense of the word.
As this is a philosophical work the author puts global themes in a generalized abstract form. He considers evil theme in two aspects: on the one hand - this is "micro evil", evil living within an individual. This is deadness and ennui of inhabitants of the planets that embody all human vices. It is no coincidence the inhabitants of the Earth planet are characterized by the inhabitants of the planets seen by the Little Prince. The author underscores just how petty and dramatic the world is. But Saint-Exupery is not a pessimist. He believes that humanity will come upon the mystery of being, and each person will find his beacon that will illuminate his path in life.
A second aspect of the theme of evil can be conventionally labeled "macro evil". Baobab is a spiritual image of evil in general. One interpretation of this is metaphorical image associated with fascism. Saint-Exupery wanted people carefully uproot the evil "baobabs" that threatened to tear the planet apart. "Beware of baobabs!" - conjures the writer.
People should save and not lose in life everything what is bright, good and pure in their hearts, what makes them incapable of evil and violence. Only a person with a rich inner world and striving for spiritual self-improvement has the right to be called Personality. Unfortunately, the inhabitants of small planets and the Earth planet have forgotten this simple truth and have become like mindless and faceless crowd.
Misunderstanding, alienation of people is another important issue. Saint-Exupéry does not just affect the subject of misunderstanding between adult and child, but the theme of loneliness and lack of understanding in a cosmic scale. Deadness of human soul leads to loneliness. People judge others only by the "outer shell" without seeing the main - the inner moral beauty.
"The Little Prince" is a romantic tale, a dream that has not disappeared, the one that is saved as something precious from childhood. Childhood goes somewhere nearby and comes at the worst moments of despair and loneliness.
Reading Exupery we as if change the angle of view on banal, everyday phenomena. He leads to the comprehension of obvious truth: it is impossible to hide the stars in the glass and it is senseless to count them, one need to take care of those he is responsible for, and listen to the voice of one’s own heart. Everything is simple and at the same time very difficult.