The Jungle

In what ways is the description of killing the hogs in chapter 3 an allegory for the lives of unskilled laborers in the stockyards, and, in the author's view, for America at this time in history?

Note the many comparisons between hogs and humans.

*in this allegory is an echo of the jungle's major theme: industrial capitalism.

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The irony of the chapter is best summed up in Jurgis’s line: “But I’m glad I’m not a hog!” In fact, the process of killing and breaking down animals is a similar process to the ways in which Jurgis himself will be broken down by the conditions of the city. This is not just a metaphorical breaking down, either, as a physical process of cutting and wounding is a primary cause of demise in the packing plants.