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finds it hard to believe that the United States is any different from Russia, where there are “rich men who [own] everything” and where it is difficult for common men to make a living. A few months later, Jurgis has the morning off to go vote in an election. The police usher all the workers into the back rooms of the saloons and they are each given two dollars and told to cast a vote for a particular candidate. The union men explain the process to him: the government exists under a democracy where there are political parties. The party that “bought the most votes” was the party that will be allowed to govern. The government inspectors, which all the people believe are protecting them from diseased meat, are actually appointed at the request of the packinghouses themselves. The only authority these men have is to make sure all diseased meat stays in the state. It does not mean that it cannot be used for food. The packers also pay the local government “two thousand dollars a week hush-money” so that there are no inspections on tubercular steers. The packers like to butcher tubercular steers because they fatten more quickly.