The Hobbit

Notes

  1. ^ Eaton, Anne T. (13 March 1938). "A Delightfully Imaginative Journey". The New York Times
  2. ^ Langford, David (2001). "Lord of the Royalties". SFX magazine. Retrieved 29 September 2007. 
  3. ^ a b Matthews, Dorothy (1975). "The Psychological Journey of Bilbo Baggins". A Tolkien Compass. Open Court Publishing. pp. 27–40. ISBN 978-0-87548-303-0. 
  4. ^ Martin, Ann (2006). Red Riding Hood and the Wolf in Bed: Modernism's Fairy Tales. University of Toronto Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-8020-9086-9. ... —prefigure the largely bourgeois preoccupations of J. R. R. Tolkien's Bilbo Baggins in The Hobbit
  5. ^ Beetz, Kirk H., ed. (1996). Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction Analysis. 8 volumes set. Beacham Publishers. p. 1924. ISBN 0-933833-42-3. At the beginning of The Hobbit ... Bilbo Baggins seems little more than a conservative but good-natured innocent. 
  6. ^ Bolman, Lee G.; Deal, Terrence E. (2006). The Wizard and the Warrior: Leading with Passion and Power. John Wiley & Sons. p. 88. ISBN 0-7879-7413-7. But their chief role was to offer sage advice: Merlin as a tutor and counselor to King Arthur; Gandalf through stories and wisdom in his itinerant travels throughout the countryside. 
  7. ^ Helms, Randel (1981). Tolkien and the Silmarils (1st ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 86. ISBN 0-395-29469-X. As apt a description of Thorin Oakenshield as of the dwarf-lord of Nogrod; but yet when we see Thorin in person, ... there is a notable addition, a comic pomposity altogether suitable to what Tolkien intends in The Hobbit... 
  8. ^ a b Pienciak, Anne (1986). "The Characters". J. R. R. Tolkien's Hobbit and Lord of the Rings. Barron's Educational Series. pp. 14–30. ISBN 0-8120-3523-2. 
  9. ^ a b Tolkien 2003, p. 120
  10. ^ Stevens, David; Stevens, Carol (2008). "The Hobbit". In Bloom, Harold. J. R. R. Tolkien. Chelsea House. pp. 17–26. ISBN 978-1-60413-146-8. 
  11. ^ Oxford Poetry (1915) Blackwells
  12. ^ Yorkshire Poetry, Leeds, vol. 2, no. 19, October–November 1923
  13. ^ Rateliff 2007, pp. xxx–xxxi
  14. ^ Carpenter 1977, p. 181
  15. ^ a b Carpenter 1981, p. 294
  16. ^ Carpenter 1977, p. 184
  17. ^ Carpenter 1977, p. 192
  18. ^ Carpenter 1981, p. 7
  19. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. vol.2 p.485
  20. ^ Carpenter 1981, p. 391, quoted by Lobdell 2004, p. 6
  21. ^ Tolkien 1988, p. 150
  22. ^ Lobdell 2004, pp. 6–7
  23. ^ Tolkien 2003, pp. 108
  24. ^ Drout 2007, pp. 399–400
  25. ^ Hooker, Mark (2014). The Tolkienaeum: Essays on J.R.R. Tolkien and his Legendarium. Llyfrawr. pp. 1–12. ISBN 978-1499759105. 
  26. ^ Lazo, Andrew (2008). "Gathered Round Northern Fires". In Chance, Jane. Tolkien and the Invention of Myth: A Reader. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 191–226. ISBN 0-8131-2301-1. 
  27. ^ a b c d e Sullivan, C. W.; C. W. Sullivan (1996). "High Fantasy". In Hunt, Peter. International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature. Taylor & Francis. pp. 309–310. ISBN 0-415-08856-9. 
  28. ^ Drout 2007, pp. 469–479
  29. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. vol.2 p.866–871
  30. ^ Tolkien 2003, pp. 78
  31. ^ a b Solopova 2009, pp. 21–22
  32. ^ a b Fisher, Jason (March 2008). "The History of the Hobbit (review)". Mythlore (101/102). 
  33. ^ St. Clair 2000, p. 39. "Unlike the raven servants of the god of war, Roac is against war with the men of Dale and the Elves. Further, the birds carry the good news of Smaug’s fall over the countryside. In The Hobbit, they do not function as scavengers after battle as ravens usually do in medieval Norse and English works."
  34. ^ a b Shippey, Tom (2001). J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century. HarperCollins. p. 41. ISBN 0-261-10401-2. 
  35. ^ a b Carpenter 1981, p. 31
  36. ^ a b Steele, Felicia Jean (2006). "Dreaming of dragons: Tolkien's impact on Heaney's Beowulf". Mythlore (95/96). 
  37. ^ Faraci, Mary (2002). "'I wish to speak' (Tolkien's voice in his Beowulf essay)". In Chance, Jane. Tolkien the Medievalist. Routledge. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-415-28944-0. 
  38. ^ Solopova 2009, p. 37
  39. ^ Purtill, Richard L. (2006). Lord of the Elves and Eldils. Ignatius Press. pp. 53–55. ISBN 1-58617-084-8. 
  40. ^ McDonald, R. Andrew; Whetter, K. S. (2006). "'In the hilt is fame': resonances of medieval swords and sword-lore in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings". Mythlore (95/96). 
  41. ^ Orr, Robert (1994). "Some Slavic Echos in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth". Germano-Slavica 8: 23–34. 
  42. ^ a b c d Rateliff 2007, pp. 79–80
  43. ^ a b Edwards, Owen Dudley (2008). British Children's Fiction in the Second World War. Edinburgh University Press. p. 458. ISBN 0-7486-1651-9. 
  44. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 8
  45. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, pp. 18–23
  46. ^ a b Tolkien 2003, p. 22
  47. ^ a b c Tolkien 2003, pp. 384–386
  48. ^ a b Tolkien 2003, p. 23
  49. ^ a b Carpenter 1977, p. 195
  50. ^ Carpenter 1977, p. 215
  51. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R. (1987) [1954]. "Prologue". The Fellowship of the Ring. The Lord of the Rings. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-08254-4. 
  52. ^ Tolkien 2003, pp. 18–23
  53. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. 781, 811–12
  54. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. 765
  55. ^ Tolkien 2003, p. 218
  56. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R. (1937). The Hobbit. London: George Allen & Unwin. p. 63. 
  57. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R. (1951). The Hobbit. London: George Allen & Unwin. p. 63. 
  58. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R. (1966). The Hobbit. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-395-07122-4. 
  59. ^ Tolkien, Christopher (1983). The History of Middle-earth: Vol 1 "The Book of Lost Tales 1". George Allen & Unwin. pp. 43–44. ISBN 0-04-823238-6. 
  60. ^ An example, alongside other illustrations can be seen at: Houghton Mifflin
  61. ^ Tolkien 2003, p. 14
  62. ^ Tolkien 2003, pp. 378–379
  63. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 18
  64. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 10–11
  65. ^ Flieger, Verlyn (2005). Interrupted Music: The Making of Tolkien's Mythology. Kent State University Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-87338-824-0. 
  66. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 12–13
  67. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 14
  68. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. 602
  69. ^ Hammond & Anderson 1993, p. 20
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  74. ^ Gamble, Nikki; Yates, Sally (2002). Exploring Children's Literature: Teaching the Language and Reading of Fiction. Sage. p. 43. ISBN 0-7619-4046-4. 
  75. ^ Carpenter 1977, p. 193
  76. ^ Rateliff 2007, p. 64
  77. ^ O'Sullivan, Emer (2005). Comparative Children's Literature. Routledge. p. 20. ISBN 0-415-30551-9. 
  78. ^ Carpenter 1981, p. 159
  79. ^ Sammons, Martha C. (2010). War of the Fantasy Worlds: C.S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien on Art and Imagination. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 6. ISBN 0-313-36282-3. 
  80. ^ Zipes, Jack (2000). The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales. Oxford University Press. p. 525. ISBN 0-19-860115-8. 
  81. ^ St. Clair, Gloriana. "Tolkien's Cauldron: Northern Literature and The Lord of the Rings". Carnegie Mellon. Retrieved 9 July 2008. 
  82. ^ Hunt, Peter; Hunt, Tristram (2000). Children's Literature. John Wiley & Sons. p. 173 et seq. ISBN 0-631-21141-1. 
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