in an essay format
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I can't write your essay but I can pass on a few details. In a dystopia where reproduction is very sparse, problems ensue. This is especially apparent in a patriarchal society where men in power seek offspring (especially male offspring). The few women that can reproduce are forced into a sort of baby making servitude. The act of conceiving becomes a nationalistic duty for the women able to do so. Female sexuality becomes absorbed into male dominated political, ideological and sexual expression. Conceiving becomes a necessity for a government to survive. The conceiver (the handmaid) is merely the necessary vessel that ensures autocratic power to survive.