The Golden Notebook is a 1962 novel by Doris Lessing. It, like the two books that followed it, enters the realm of what Margaret Drabble in The Oxford Companion to English Literature called Lessing's "inner space fiction"; her work that explores mental and societal breakdown. It contains powerful anti-war and anti-Stalinist messages, an extended analysis of communism and the Communist Party in England from the 1930s to the 1950s, and an examination of the budding sexual and women's liberation movements.
In 2005, TIME magazine called The Golden Notebook one of the 100 best English-language novels since 1923. It has been translated into a number of other languages.Plot summary
The Golden Notebook is the story of writer Anna Wulf, the four notebooks in which she records her life, and her attempt to tie them together in a fifth, gold-coloured notebook. The book intersperses segments of an ostensibly realistic narrative of the lives of Anna and her friend, Molly Jacobs, as well as their children, ex-husbands and lovers—entitled Free Women—with excerpts from Anna's four notebooks, coloured black (of Anna's experience in Southern Rhodesia, before and during World War II, which inspired her own best-selling novel), red (of her experience as a member of the Communist Party), yellow (an ongoing novel that is being written based on the painful ending of Anna's own love affair), and blue (Anna's personal journal where she records her memories, dreams, and emotional life). Each notebook is returned to four times, interspersed with episodes from Free Women, creating non-chronological, overlapping sections that interact with one another. This post-modern styling, with its space for "play" engaging the characters and readers, is among the most famous features of the book, although Lessing insisted that readers and reviewers pay attention to the serious themes in the novel.Major themes
Lessing, in her preface, claimed the most important theme in the novel is fragmentation; the mental breakdown that Anna suffers, perhaps from the compartmentalization of her life reflected in the division of the four notebooks, but also reflecting the fragmentation of society. Her relationship and attempt to draw everything together in the golden notebook at the end of the novel are both the final stage of her intolerable mental breakdown, and her attempt to overcome the fragmentation and madness.Characters
- Anna (Freeman) Wulf: Writer. Main character of Free Women and writer of the Notebooks.
- Max Wulf: Anna’s ex-husband
- Janet Wulf: Anna and Max’s daughter
- Molly Jacobs: Actress, Anna’s friend.
- Richard Portmain: Molly’s ex-husband
- Tommy Portmain: Molly and Richards’s son
- Marion Portmain: Richard’s second wife
- Michael: Anna’s former lover
- Willi (Wilhelm) Rodde (Black Notebook): Anna’s boyfriend, refugee from Germany, based on Max Wulf.
- Paul Blackenhurst (Black Notebook): Royal Air Force Pilot
- Ted Brown (Black Notebook): Royal Air Force pilot, socialist.
- Jimmy McGrath (Black Notebook): Royal Air Force pilot. Homosexual.
- George Hounslow (Black Notebook): Worked on roads.
- Maryrose (Black Notebook): Paul and George's love interest, born in Southern Rhodesia
- Mr Boothby (Black Notebook): Proprietor of the Mashopi Hotel
- Mrs Boothby (Black Notebook): Proprietor of the Mashopi Hotel
- June Boothby (Black Notebook): Daughter of Mr & Mrs Boothby
- Jackson (Black Notebook): Cook at the Mashopi Hotel. Friend of Jimmy.
- Marie (Black Notebook): Jackson’s wife. Has an affair with George.
- Ella (Yellow Notebook): Based on Anna Wulf. Writes for a women's magazine.
- Julia (Yellow Notebook): Based on Molly Jacobs
- Dr West (Yellow Notebook): Writes a medical column under the name Dr Allsop for the women's magazine.
- Patricia Brent (Yellow Notebook): Editor
- George (Yellow Notebook): Based on Max Wulf
- Paul Tanner (Yellow Notebook): Ella’s lover
- Michael (Yellow Notebook): Ella’s son
- Saul Green (Blue and Golden Notebooks): American writer
- Milt (Free Women 5): American writer (= Saul Green from the Blue and Golden Notebooks)
- Mother Sugar (Mrs Marks): Anna and Molly's psychoanalyst
- Tom Mathlong (Free Women): African political activist
- Charlie Themba (Free Women 4): Trade union leader, friend of Tom Mathlong
- ^ 100 Books of 2005. The Complete List Time
- "Full text of Doris Lessing's The Golden Notebook, with annotations for an internet reading group" – website created as an experiment in online collaborative reading
- Guarded welcome – an article by Doris Lessing
- Fragmentation and Integration. A Critical Study of Doris Lessing, The Golden Notebook by Nan Bentzen Skille, Universitetet i Bergen 1977