The Epic of Gilgamesh

How does Gilgamesh contribute to both the well-being and wisdom of his people

I don't understand this story at all

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This is an excerpt from an article I wrote on the site linked in sources.

Gilgamesh the King

Gilgamesh is by far the Mesopotamian society's most well known figure. As Uruk's fifth king, Gilgamesh proved to be a great leader, military mind, and visionary. Conflict with Kish, a neighboring city was a constant, and although Gilgamesh proved more than adept at protecting his city; he is remembered more for his contributions to the city itself. Little is known about the real man, but his legacy lives on.

Gilgamesh's city is believed to have been the capital of Mesopotamia at the time of his reign. It is said that Gilgamesh himself described the city of Uruk as a garden, with more than one--third of its land covered by date palm orchards that were irrigated by canals which transported water into the city. The city center stood on a man made hill, a hill created with the placement of new buildings upon already existing structures. Gilgamesh's palace and the city's ziggurat would have been located on higher land; the orchards and gardens would have surrounded them.

Uruk's walls may also have been a source of agriculture. Evidence shows that the walls made of copper and burnt brick were wide enough to walk on, and are determined to have been six miles in perimeter, topped by productive gardens. It seems that Gilgamesh's construction of those walls was a well thought out process; he seems to have understood the value of multi-tasking and dual uses. First and foremost, a city has to eat.

The city's interior has been determined to have covered an area of approximately 2500 acres. As already mentioned, the ziggurat's (temple) location would have taken precedence over all other architecture. Constructed from mud brick and mortared with a combination of mud and straw, the temple of Uruk stood high above the other buildings (the higher the temple, the closer to the gods). Religion was the center of Sumerian life. Thus, the temple's location would be in the very center of the city. Each of the Sumerian cities had a patron God or Goddess; Uruk's patronage was divided between two, the Goddess of Fertility, Innanna, and the Sky God, Anu.