This play portrays views of women common at the time. Among other things, Aristophanes pokes fun of them as being lazy, drinking excessively and making their husbands' lives into living hell.
The enforced equality is also something of a political statement in addition to being a social one. After the oligarchy put in place after the war fell, Athenians asserted their democracy and equality very strongly, to the point that, while it was a clear exaggeration, the play surely made its position on "excessive" democracy clear.
The plot presents and makes fun of the ideas of abolition of private property, abolition of the family and purely material prosperity.