- Miller, Arthur The Crucible (Harmondsworth: The Viking Press, 1971) [ISBN 0-14-02-4772-6]. Edited with an introduction by Gerald Weales. Contains the full text based on the Collected Plays, and various critical essays.
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The Question and Answer section for The Crucible is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
When the play opens, Reverend Parris is kneeling at hi daughter's bedside, praying for her to heal from a mysterious illness.
The literary technique would be "foreshadowing". Things begin to come a part for the Proctor family. Elizabeth has been named in the court and Abigail is to blame. Good people on Salem are being charged with witchcraft to settle old scores and...
We know that John has confessed to adultery when the court asks Elizabeth about him. Elizabeth doesn't know John has already confessed his guilt. Elizabeth denying John is an adulterer, "No sir", is an example of verbal irony.