the outsider as in someone who is an outcast ex:john proctor
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The "outsider" is a person in Puritan society that is looked on with suspicion. The Puritans needed outsiders that were perceived to go against the holy grain so to speak. The power hierarchy used the outsider to feed the fears of the village and hence keep power. John Proctor did not share in the witch hysteria and openly opposed it. The courts used him as an example of a person who doesn't believe and is hence a threat. Conformity was the sought after lifestyle. Non conformity meant the outsider had to be feared and dealt with.
Miller also used the "outsider" as a force to bring light to the hypocrisy of the powers that seek to control and shape people.