This is contempt, sir, sontempt in act 3 is veral or dramatic irony?
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This is dramatic irony. Verbal irony is when a person says the opposite of what he/she means. Hathorne really believes this is heresy. Dramatic irony is when the audience/readers know something that the characters don't. We know the girls are faking their "fits" and when Francis tries to point this out, none of the authorities believes him--they believe the girls are truly under the influence of witches.