Written in Latin between 1 B.C.E. and 2 C.E., The Art of Love is a three-book eley on how to seduce and maintain a relationship with a woman, as well as how to do the same with a man. The Art of Love contains various allusions to Greek mythology. Ovid also uses the legend of the rape of the Sabine Women as a rhetorical device in the text.
The Art of Love enjoyed a relatively high degree of popularity in the years following its publication. Controversial in its approach to sexuality and gender roles, the elegy also received harsh criticism from the date of publication up until the 20th century, when it was banned by the United States government. Historian debate whether or not Ovid’s banishment from Rome by Augustus in 8 C.E. was directly related to The Art of Love and its controversial content.
Ovid wrote a short sequel to The Art of Love" a poem titled "The Remedy for Love," which focused on heartbreak and how to deal with or avoid it. The Remedy for Love is only 814 lines long and is much lesser known than its predecessor.
The Art of Love has been referenced, adapted, and interpreted in a variety of manners and contexts. However, perhaps the most important part of the text’s legacy was the medieval phenomenon of courtly love. Ovid’s works was highly influential in the development of the notion of courtly love, as well as in the most famous text regarding the topic: Andreas Capellanus’ De Amore.