Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics (3rd Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321740904
ISBN 13: 978-0-32174-090-8

Chapter 25 - Electric Charges and Forces - Exercises and Problems: 36

Answer

The net force on the -10 nC charge is $7.3\times 10^{-3}~N$ and it is directed at an angle of $97.9^{\circ}$ ccw from the +x-axis.

Work Step by Step

We can find the magnitude of the force on the -10 nC charge which is directed upward by the +8.0 nC charge. $F_y = \frac{(k)(8.0~nC)(10~nC)}{r^2}$ $F_y = \frac{(9.0\times 10^9~N~m^2/C^2)(8.0\times 10^{-9}~C)(10\times 10^{-9}~C)}{(0.010~m)^2}$ $F_y = 7.2\times 10^{-3}~N$ We can find the magnitude of the force on the -10 nC charge which is directed to the left by the +10 nC charge. $F_x = \frac{(k)(10~nC)(10~nC)}{r^2}$ $F_x = \frac{(9.0\times 10^9~N~m^2/C^2)(10\times 10^{-9}~C)(10\times 10^{-9}~C)}{(0.030~m)^2}$ $F_x = 1.0\times 10^{-3}~N$ We can find the magnitude of the net force on the -10 nC charge. $F = \sqrt{F_x^2+F_y^2}$ $F = \sqrt{(1.0\times 10^{-3}~N)^2+(7.2\times 10^{-3}~N)^2}$ $F = 7.3\times 10^{-3}~N$ We can find the angle $\theta$ ccw from the positive y-axis. $tan(\theta) = \frac{1.0\times 10^{-3}~N}{7.2\times 10^{-3}~N}$ $\theta = arctan(\frac{1.0\times 10^{-3}~N}{7.2\times 10^{-3}~N})$ $\theta = 7.9^{\circ}$ The net force on the -10 nC charge is $7.3\times 10^{-3}~N$ and it is directed at an angle of $90^{\circ}+7.9^{\circ}$, which is $97.9^{\circ}$, ccw from the +x-axis.
Update this answer!

You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this answer.

Update this answer

After you claim an answer you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. An editor will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback.