Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics (3rd Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321740904
ISBN 13: 978-0-32174-090-8

Chapter 20 - Traveling Waves - Exercises and Problems: 67

Answer

At a distance of 50 m, the sound intensity level will be 80 dB.

Work Step by Step

Let the sound intensity at a distance of 5.0 meters be $I_1$. For every 10 dB change, the intensity changes by a factor of 10. Since the decibel level decreases by 20, the intensity level decreases by a factor of 100. Therefore, $I_2 = \frac{I_1}{100}$. We can find the distance $r_2$ where $I_2 = \frac{I_1}{100}$: $\frac{I_2}{I_1} = \frac{r_1^2}{r_2^2}$ $r_2^2 = \frac{I_1~r_1^2}{I_2}$ $r_2 = \sqrt{\frac{I_1}{I_2}}~r_1$ $r_2 = \sqrt{\frac{I_1}{(I_1/100)}}~r_1$ $r_2 = \sqrt{100}~(5.0~m)$ $r_2 = 50~m$ At a distance of 50 m, the sound intensity level will be 80 dB.
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