Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics (3rd Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321740904
ISBN 13: 978-0-32174-090-8

Chapter 10 - Energy - Conceptual Questions: 8

Answer

The restoring force is $3F$ when the spring is stretched to a length of 13 cm. The restoring force is $2F$ when the spring is compressed to a length of 8 cm.

Work Step by Step

The magnitude of a spring's restoring force is $F = kx$, where $x$ is the length that the spring is stretched or compressed. The problem statement tells us that the restoring force is $F$ when $x = 1~cm$. That is: $F = k~(1~cm)$ (a) We can find the distance the spring is stretched when the restoring force is $3F$. $3F = 3\times k~(1~cm)$ $3F = k~(3~cm)$ The restoring force is $3F$ when the spring is stretched 3 cm. That is, the restoring force is $3F$ when the spring is stretched to a length of 13 cm. (b) We can find the distance the spring is compressed when the restoring force is $2F$. $2F = 2\times k~(1~cm)$ $2F = k~(2~cm)$ The restoring force is $2F$ when the spring is compressed 2 cm. That is, the restoring force is $2F$ when the spring is compressed to a length of 8 cm.
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