Conceptual Physics (12th Edition)

Published by Addison-Wesley
ISBN 10: 0321909100
ISBN 13: 978-0-32190-910-7

Chapter 24 - Think and Discuss: 80

Answer

The magnetic force can't change the speed, so it can't change the KE.

Work Step by Step

The magnetic force that acts on a charged particle is always perpendicular to the particle's motion. There is no component of the force that acts along the instantaneous direction of motion, so the magnetic field cannot speed up, or slow down, a moving charged particle. Therefore it cannot change its kinetic energy. Speed or KE doesn’t increase because the force is perpendicular to the velocity, doing no work on the particle.
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