Conceptual Physics (12th Edition)

Published by Addison-Wesley
ISBN 10: 0321909100
ISBN 13: 978-0-32190-910-7

Chapter 10 - Think and Explain: 65

Answer

See diagram. The gravitational force is shown as a solid line, pointing at the body being orbited. The force is resolved into 2 components, shown by the dotted lines. The force component along the direction of motion, tangent to the ellipse, is the dotted green component labeled $F_{T}$. It acts along the direction of the satellite's motion, and does work on the satellite to change its KE and its speed.
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