Introductory Chemistry (5th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 032191029X
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-029-5

Chapter 4 - Atoms and Elements - Exercises - Questions: 3

Answer

Rutherford shot positively charged alpha particles at a very thin sheet of gold. A very small percentage of these were deflected or reflected backwards.

Work Step by Step

This would disprove the plum pudding model of the atom. The plum pudding model did not allow for the large empty space that would allow most of the particles to pass through. Rutherford correctly concluded based on the results that electrons must orbit a very dense nucleus.
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