General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life (5th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321967461
ISBN 13: 978-0-32196-746-6

Chapter 4 - Atoms - 4.8 Trends in Periodic Properties - Questions and Problems: 4.68

Answer

a) 1 valence electron (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) b) 6 valence electrons (Se) c) 4 valence electrons (C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb) d) 8 valence electrons (Group 8A)

Work Step by Step

Valence electrons are equal to the group number the element belongs to for groups 1A-8A, with the exception of Helium, because it only contains 2 electrons total. This does not apply to B Group Transition elements. a) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs are in Group 1A, so they have 1 valence electron each. b) Se is in Group 6A, so it has 6 valence electrons. c) C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb are in Group 4A, so they have 4 valence electrons each. d) The elements in Group 8A have 8 valence electrons each (except He).
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