Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 10 - Gases - Exercises: 10.47

Answer

Cl2 is the most dense

Work Step by Step

We have the formula d = PM/RT where d is the density and M is the molar mass. This means that density and molar mass are proportional so that the larger the molar mass, the more dense the gas is. Therefore we find the molar masses of the gases given: CO2: Carbon is 12, O is 16 so we have 12 + 16*2 = 44 g/mol N2O Nitrogen is 14, O is 16 so we have 2*14 + 16 = 44 g/mol Cl2 Cl is 35.45 so 2*35.45 = 70.9 g/mol Since Cl2 has the highest molar mass, it will be the most dense.
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