Chemistry: A Molecular Approach (3rd Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321809246
ISBN 13: 978-0-32180-924-7

Chapter 3 - Sections 3.1-3.12 - Exercises - Review Questions: 5

Answer

An atomic element is an element that exists in nature with single atoms as their basic units. A molecular element is an element that exists in nature with diatomic or polyatomic molecules as their basic unit. An ionic compound is a compound composed of cations and anions bound together by electrostatic attractions. A molecular compound is a compound composed of two or more covalently bonded nonmetals.

Work Step by Step

Gold is an example of an atomic element ($Au$). Diatomic chlorine is an example of a molecular element ($Cl_2$). Sodium chloride is an example of an ionic compound ($NaCl$). Carbon dioxide is an example of a molecular compound ($CO_2$).
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