A chemical bond is the sharing or transfer of electrons between two atoms that holds them together. An ionic bond is formed between two oppositely charged ions. A covalent bond involved two atoms sharing electrons that interact with the nuclei of both atoms.
Work Step by Step
Chemical bonds are formed to create stable electron configurations for the bonding atoms. Ionic bonds are typically between a metallic cation and nonmetallic anion and is held by electrostatic attractive forces. Covalent bonds are between nonmetals and are held by the preferential energy state (lowered potential energy) and electrostatic attractive forces.