Chemistry: A Molecular Approach (3rd Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321809246
ISBN 13: 978-0-32180-924-7

Chapter 2 - Sections 2.1-2.9 - Exercises - Problems by Topic: 35

Answer

These amounts are consistent with the law of multiple proportions.

Work Step by Step

Ratio of mass of Oxygen per gram Osmium in the two compounds = $\frac{0.3369}{0.168}$ = $2$ The ratio of these two masses is a small whole number. The law of multiple proportions states that when two elements (call them A and B) form two different compounds, the masses of element B that combine with 1 g of element A can be expressed as a ratio of small whole numbers. We see that these amounts are consistent with the law of multiple proportions.
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