#### Answer

$\theta$$^{1}$ = 82$^{\circ}$

#### Work Step by Step

98$^{\circ}$
The reference angle is the smallest angle that can be made between the tangent side of an angle and the x-axis. The reference angle is represented by $\theta$$^{1}$.
Therefore:
$\theta$$^{1}$ = 180$^{\circ}$ - 98$^{\circ}$
$\theta$$^{1}$ = 82$^{\circ}$